“1984” by George Orwell: Individualism: Preventing the Terror of Totalitarianism
1984, by George Orwell, is, on the surface area, the story of one guy’s disobedience against the system in a futuristic totalitarian world. Every word and movement of the residents is kept track of and managed; even their thoughts are not their own. They are controlled by the perilous propaganda of the federal government, Huge Sibling, that serves to compromise the power of the people. This connects to what the dictator, Josef Stalin, once stated: “Power is not in the hands of those who vote, however rather in the hands of those who count the votes. Simply put, individuals might be led to believe they are in control when they, really, are not. Winston Smith, the primary character, realizes how alarmingly ill society is ending up being, and his beliefs lead him to rebel against the federal government. Orwell highlights throughout the unique the value of individualism and the threats of providing it up without a fight. Faced with the danger of such a totalitarian state, the just reliable method to prevent the deterioration of society is to never lose touch with truth, keeping a strong sense of self by holding onto specific ideas, beliefs, and liberties.
Newspeak is utilized by Big Sibling to coerce the population into interacting less and less with each other until, eventually, Big Brother is the citizens’ only source of contact with the world. As Syme puts it, “Do not you see that the entire objective of Newspeak is to narrow the variety of idea … has it ever struck you that by 2050, not a single human will be alive who could comprehend the conversation we are having now?” (47 ). The supreme goal of Newspeak is the loss of believed by the residents. Syme illustrates this by saying, “By 2050 … In truth, there will be no idea, as we understand it now.
Orthodoxy indicates not thinking– not requiring to think. Orthodoxy suggests unconsciousness.” (47 ). By not surrendering to the perfect of Newspeak and remaining objective, Winston will be cognizant of what is in fact occurring around him. In true communism, individualism can not be thoroughly understood since of communism’s primary worths. The federal government in 1984 fits the mold of communism, although not blatantly described as “communism” in the novel, in that communism’s main ideal, as stated by Karl Marx, is, “By controlling the thoughts, beliefs and values of a population, one an control the population’s actions.” Big Brother utilizes this notion by forcing the population to believe in specific values, such as the 3 slogans, “WAR IS PEACE, FLEXIBILITY IS SLAVERY, LACK OF KNOWLEDGE IS STRENGTH.” (7 ). These beliefs are pressed so relentlessly that they are just accepted by the public without questioning their validity. This all-encompassing power is fought by the citizens, although at a low level, as they rebel by shopping for personal products.
Winston explains, “Celebration members were supposed to not go into regular stores, however the guideline was not strictly kept, since there were numerous things, such as shoelaces and razor blades, which it was difficult to acquire in any other method.” (8 ). Straying from the typical routine permits citizens to be themselves while still remaining a part of the community. Propaganda is further used throughout the novel by Huge Bro in order to totally alter the beliefs of the people. Telescreens are used to get support and encouragement from the citizens of Oceania for a meaningless war.
They can send info at the very same time they can receive info by spying on individuals, recording their every move and noise. Big Bro speaks to individuals, “… drawing a deep sigh of remedy for everyone, the hostile face turned into big sibling …” (18 ). This propaganda efficiently sways residents’ views by persuading them through continuous repeating and blatant lies. The significant goal of the party is to have the capability to boldly alter a person’s ideas about anything. O’Brien forces Winston to eventually believe that, “2 + 2 = 5. (239 ). If Huge Brother could persuade all of the citizens to think that, it would have total and utter control over them. Individualism would be dead. That, of course, is the totalitarian suitable that should be prevented. The strong, symbolic elements of George Orwell’s 1984, paralleling “Big Bro” in an imaginary totalitarian world to Stalin’s Russian state are all too real. He warns of the threats of mindlessly accepting propaganda in its numerous forms as reality without questioning and succumbing to intimidation and fear without resisting.
Undisputed power simply creates a higher sense of power, letting loose unknown fear through abuses of that power. Although this was composed long before 1984 to alert about excesses of power then and in the future, and it is now long past 1984, it might not be more relevant today. We are living in a time in the United States where many leaders, both democratic and republican, are trying to consolidate power through whatever implies possible, including redistricting and filibuster.
The governor of California wishes to hold an unique election costing millions of dollars just to attempt to change the voting districts when there is not enough money in the budget for schools. Propaganda is also alive and well. The President controls who might ask concerns at his press conferences. Reporters appear to have actually been paid to compose stories promoting particular points of view. Lots of tv and radio stations are partisan. There are still questions about repeating issues with electronic ballot makers in the previous presidential election.
Likewise of terrific issue is that in the name of security given that the September 11, 2001 attack, comes a loss of privacy. Large databases keeping track of citizens’ personal info have actually already been used by lawbreakers, adding to the epidemic of identity theft. There might soon even be a nationwide recognition card for residents. If these subjects are not debated, continue to be disregarded, or go undisputed, “Big Sibling” may really have come true.