A Clockwork Orange and Brave New World
Without loneliness, how could we appreciate love? Without war, how could we value peace? Binary opposition underlies the essence of our world. It is because of this that the term Paradise, usually indicating a place of utmost perfection, is also used to suggest an impractical ideal that is difficult to accomplish. This has, in turn, generated the idea of dystopia an unfavorable paradise, being a totalitarian and repressive world where the state holds all power over almost every aspect of public and private life.
A repeating style in the Utopian category is the resulting development of a dystopia in an effort to reach Paradise. Two books which clearly illustrate this convention are Aldous Huxleys Brave New World and Anthony Burgess A Clockwork Orange, later adjusted by Stanley Kubrick as a film. Other conventions of the Utopian category include absence of depth of characterization, and the texts ability to evaluate the state of the society in which it was written and to provide a variety of possibilities for the future.
Brave New World provides a satiric dystopia as mankind lives in a carefree, healthy, and technologically innovative society. Nevertheless, all kinds of human expression have been compromised as, Mustapha Mond states, Youve got to select between joy and what individuals used to call high art. Weve compromised the classicism. We likewise discover that Mond and the other World Controllers have a monopoly on historical knowledge, which ensures their positions of power. They eliminated history as it was viewed as unneeded, due to the fact that individuals of the Brave New World are taught only things which pertain to their location in society.
Embed in a dystopian future, A Clockwork Orange shows Alex, a 15-year-old kid who strolls the streets in the evening with his gang members, devoting violent criminal activities for fun. A Clockwork Orange follows the utopian convention of the state trying to develop a paradise by controlling the individual, as Alex is utilized as an example of the states power to “rehabilitate” bad guys by conditioning them to associate violent show a feeling of severe physical health problem. Through this, the federal government removes the really thing that constitutes Alexs humanity; as the novel states, A male who can pass by stops to be a man.
Burgess recommends that a society in which the state has so much power, is one in which specific liberties are squashed. In the movie adaptation, the tune Alex whistles on his method home from his night of violence is in fact a contemporary adaptation of the Funeral March of Queen Mary II composed by Henry Purcell in 1694. It is as though Alex is whistling an eulogy to the end of the world. As can be seen, it is difficult to produce an Utopia without suppressing private liberties for the higher good of the state, which would develop a most totalitarian and repressive society a dystopia.
Texts of the Utopian genre often exist to evaluate the context in which they were composed, and deal cautions of what our society potentially could become. Composed during the post World War I age, Brave New World takes a satirical check out the future as it attends to the struggle for peace, the development of science, and the extremes of totalitarianism. The World State’s Motto, “Neighborhood, Identity, Stability”, mirror how most of the world craved peace and stability, following the chaos of World War I.
This battle is recognized in Huxley’s Brave New World, but at a cost; the abandonment of uniqueness and the flexibility of private thought in a world kept together by substantial human conditioning. Burgess was motivated to compose A Clockwork Orange throughout a see to Russia, where he observed the repressive atmosphere of a communist nation. Citizen concerned communism as an essentially problematic system, as he could not accept a system that compromises individual freedom for the public good.
This is reflected in A Clockwork Orange as it seems to attack communism through its very negative portrayal of a federal government that seeks to solve social issues by getting rid of liberty of choice. Stanley Kubricks adjustment of A Clockwork Orange, made in 1971, differs substantially from the novel as it leaves out the entire 21st chapter of the novel. The first American edition of the book likewise excluded this chapter, where Alex starts to feel older burns out of violence. Possibly, provided American customs and morality, the publisher thought that having Alex end up being “good” by his own free will was not the right thing. This learly illustrates how a Utopian text does, in reality, contemplate the state of society throughout the time in which it was composed. As in many works about Utopia, Brave New World does not have the intricacy of characterization that marks other sort of excellent books as the characters primarily exist to voice concepts in words or to embody them in their behaviour, rather than to represent real people. It is nearly as if the totalitarian Brave New World ends up being the novels main character. This absence of complexity of characterization can also be seen in A Clockwork Orange, as the only character offered much depth is the protagonist, Alex.
All other characters appear to exist in order to either personify ideas, or merely to move the story along. As can be seen through the conventions of the utopian genre which Brave New World and both the movie adjustment and book A Clockwork Orange present, it is impossible to develop a Paradise without inevitably creating a dystopia where the state holds all power over its residents. Bibliography:’Brave New World’– Aldous Huxley’A Clockwork Orange’ (novel)– Anthony Citizen’A Clockwork Orange’ (film)– Stanley Kubrick