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A Critical Analysis of Shakespeare’s Hamlet


A Vital Analysis of Shakespeare’s Hamlet

Is he a crazy madman or a revengeful, scheming, genius? There are numerous contrasting ideas and theories on this topic, and hopefully this paper may be of some help in clearing up the confusion. The paper is divided into 3 separate analytic areas beginning with the beginning of Hamlet’s so called madness, and why it may have happened. Next, is an analysis of why Hamlet hold-ups revenging his daddy’s death. To conclude the paper, Hamlet’s incestuous acts towards his mom are discussed, in William Shakespeare’s Hamlet.

In the very first act Hamlet seems to be in a completely sane frame of mind throughout all five scenes. It is in the second scene where the audience begins to see a change in his character. Ophelia consults with Polonius and remembers the meeting she had previously with Hamlet. She informs her dad that Hamlet concerned her disheveled and in a shaken frame of mind, speaking of “horrors.” (Act 2 Scene 2 line 94). Her dad instantly believes that he is “Mad for thy love?” (Act 2 Scene 2 line 95). Opelia answers a question posed by Polonius by which she responded that she had actually told Hamlet that she could not see or interact with him anymore.

Her father refers to Hamlet’s madness as soon as again by declaring that what his child stated, “… hath made him (Hamlet) mad.” (Act 2 Scene 2 line 123). The argument of whether Hamlet is ridiculous because of his love for Ophelia is frequently discussed, however a more confusing and intricate circumstance is the battle within Hamlet’s mind. His personal struggle is exposed to the audience in scene one of the third act. In this scene Hamlet recites his popular “To be or not to be- that is the concern:” (Act 3 Scene 1 line 64) speech.

Here the audience truly realizes that Hamlet is torn two methods his life. To be or not to be, essentially is Hamlet discussing on whether he needs to labor the discomforts of living in such a severe world and battle to avenge his daddy’s murder or take his own life. Hamlet is confused regarding whether he should avenge his daddy’s death when he himself, as Sigmund Freud’s “Oedipus Rex Complex” recommends, wanted to murder his daddy to acquire all of his mom’s attention. However, in the back of Hamlet’s mind, which keeps him in consistent chaos, is his loyalty to his household and moreover his father.

Hamlet, in act four scene two, meets Rosencrantz and Guildenstern and he appears to be breaking down into madness. Hamlet had simply eliminated Polonius, and his two friends were questioning him regarding where he put the body of the dead guy. The odd aspect of this scene is that Hamlet seems to play with Rosencrantz and Guildenstern and does not provide a straight response. Hamlet has actually almost changed into a various person and does not appear to be totally sane. Next is another situation that can not be totally described. The situation being Hamlet’s hold-ups in avenging his father’s death.

The first that Hamlet discovers of his daddy’s death is in act one scene 5, where he follows the ghost. Hamlet is informed, by the ghost, that he (the ghost) is the soul of Hamlet’s daddy, and that he was killed by Claudius. This all took place at the start of the play and Hamlet waited till completion of the play to get revenge for his daddy’s murder. Then again there are various viewpoints regarding whether Hamlet waited till the end to actually get vengeance. For within the play there are numerous insinuations that Hamlet tortured Claudius all the method up till he killed the king.

Two circumstances are especially apparent. First, the play within a play validates that Claudius was the murderer of Hamlet’s daddy. Hamlet phases the Murder of Gonzago in which the star who is playing the part of the king is killed in the very same manner that Claudius eliminated Hamlet’s father. At the moment that the star playing the part of the king is killed Claudius jumps from his seat and rushes out of the theater exasperated. This violent action by the king overjoys Hamlet in the meantime he knows that it was Claudius who killed his dad.

More than the fact that he knows that Claudius is the murderer, Hamlet is gradually and painfully getting his revenge of his fathers death. The other circumstances where Hamlet could have eliminated Claudius remained in act 3 scene three. In this specific scene Hamlet comes across Claudius while he is knelt in prayer. Hamlet draws his sword and plans to eliminate Claudius there in prayer but then decides to wait. Hamlet comes to the conclusion that he must wait till Claudius is travelling a sin so he will go to hell, as opposed to killing him in prayer where he would then go to heaven.

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This is another example regarding why Hamlet hesitates revenging his father’s death. The apparent reason Hamlet waits is to bring more than just the pain of his sword to Claudius and torture him till completion. Lastly, Hamlet’s sexual destination towards his mother is to be talked about. In act 3 scene four, Hamlet enters his mothers bedroom at her dream and first kills Polonius, then proceeds to make love to his mother. This action is called the “Oedipus Rex Complex”, which was invented by Sigmund Freud on the basis of Oedipus the legendary poem by Sophocles.

This theory mentions that all boys wish to destroy their fathers so that their mom’s attention will be assisted on them exclusively. Likewise the fact that Hamlet thought that Polonius was Claudius adds to the proof that Hamlet had the “Oedipus Complex”. Hamlet was obsessed with his mom but prior to the scenario in the bedroom escalated his father, the ghost, appeared and advised him of the predicament which he was expected to be achieving. Hamlet’s madness at times is warranted and at other times is pure insanity.

In the beginning Hamlet seems to be freaking over the fact that he is not permitted to see Ophelia. Then it seems that the fact that he is overwhelmed with his dad’s death, and starts to combat with himself over the idea of suicide. He is then identified to acquire vengeance for his father and goes about torturing Claudius in an organized and genius way. Finally, Hamlet is caught up in his love for his mom which brings him back to the point of insanity. In conclusion Hamlet is torn in between 2 worlds, that of the sane and well and that of the crazed and outrageous.

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