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A View from the Bridge: the Opening Scene Essay


The opening scene of Act Two marks the significant pivotal moment of the play. In this scene, Catherine confronts Rodolfo over Eddie’s accusation that Rodolfo just wishes to wed Catherine to be an American. However it is soon exposed that Rodolfo truly loves her. The two characters sleep together for the very first time, a fact that Eddie discovers when he returns home intoxicated, which results in a terrible confrontation between the main characters.

The severity and the extreme feelings showed in this scene, plus Arthur Miller’s use of remarkable devices, make this scene really dramatically efficient.

It is a turning point in the play due to the fact that it is the very first time Catherine and Rodolfo sleep together, symbolising Catherine’s transformation from a “little woman” to a grown female; and Catherine’s ties with Eddie have actually lastly cut as she selects Rodolfo over Eddie. In this scene, Eddie likewise confronts his sensations towards Catherine as he kisses her in a fit of rage, passion and desire.

This scene opens up with Alfieri’s narration. He informs the audience that Catherine and Rodolfo are “alone” in the house for the first time. The truth that they are alone suggests something is going to take place and sets the scene and develop stress since the 2 characters are alone in a confined flat without anyone to interfere and no other witnesses except the audience. The confined apartment is remarkable gadget which is more obvious on phase? the dining room is the focus of the actions, the little, claustrophobic area increases stress in between the characters.

The character of Alfieri serves two functions. In the play, Alfieri is the narrator, who informs the audience the story of Eddie Carbone in flashbacks, and for that reason constantly reminds the readers of the catastrophe that is yet to come. Nevertheless he likewise functions as an actual character in the play? the function of the sensible legal representative, whom Eddie consults from. A storyteller is a typical remarkable device used typically in plays, going back to Greek disaster, which is the design this play is written in.

Catherine asks Rodolfo is he is hungry, rather he responds “not for anything to consume”. This recommends Rodolfo’s desire for Catherine and further focus what may take place now they are alone together. This makes the audience wonder and curious, about Rodolfo and Catherine, and also about Eddie’s reaction when he discovers. Catherine begins to ask Rodolfo a series of concerns about the choices of the two of them living in Italy. In the beginning Rodolfo believes Catherine is joking as he is smiling, as he does not understand the genuine question Catherine is asking him.

Nevertheless, we as the audience comprehend she is evaluating him to see if he just wants to marry her to be an American. This is an example of remarkable paradox which Miller utilizes to develop stress and suspense as the audience question how Rodolfo is going to react and whether he will determine Catherine’s true intention. We are likewise kept in thriller as we wait to see if Rodolfo actually likes Catherine. As Rodolfo realises Catherine’s severity, stage instructions describes that his smile “disappears” and he is “astonished” at Catherine’s request and he strolls to her “slowly”.

From here, it is clear that Rodolfo acknowledges something is wrong and the stress is increased as his previous joking mood has actually gone and is moving onto a more undesirable topic. Rodolfo attempts to persuade Catherine by commenting Italy as having “no money”, “no organisation” and “nothing” and though Italy is gorgeous, “you can’t cook the view”. This quote reveals Rodolfo’s maturity and his understanding of reality which he is not blinded by a simple beautiful surface area. As Catherine continues to pursue the idea of living in Italy, Rodolfo becomes significantly disappointed: “There’s nothing!

Nothing, absolutely nothing, absolutely nothing.” We see the characters are more emotionally charged as the argument continues; Rodolfo ends up being more angry and irritable as the stress builds up, and the audience tense up as the calmer atmosphere is now disrupted by something more exciting. Finally, Catherine confesses she is “afraid of Eddie” here. This is the very first time she confesses her worry of Eddie and his actions to the audience, which marks another turning point of the play? she no longer sees Eddie as a non-threatening, kind man she believed he is. There is a small pause after Catherine’s admission.

This develops stress and allows time for Catherine’s confession and is a hint to the upcoming disaster sink in. However, even after this, Catherine persists with her questioning, which ultimately results in Rodolfo’s realisation: “This is your concern or his concern?” For that reason the cent drops as the fact comes out. From this point on, the characters face their real feelings and offer the audience further insight into the characters’ inner feelings. This quote likewise reveals that Rodolfo is not the naive, innocent kid depicted and seen by other previously in the play?

He is quite amusing and smart and knows when something is going on. Rodolfo is “furious” at Eddie’s allegation of him and explains that the only factor he wants to “be an American so I can work”. This reveals Rodolfo is realistic and is not just an impressionable, young, starry-eyed young boy who loves America a lot. This corresponds with earlier in the play with his “you can’t cook the view” speech. From here, we see another more mature, responsible side of him.

This also touches on the style of household and duty? two of the important things that are substantial in the Italian traditions. These are shown through the method Rodolfo states that he can not bring Catherine from a rich country to a bad one; otherwise he would be a “criminal” “stealing” her face when he can not pay for enough food for her as he would be accountable for her well-being. Catherine is “near tears” and Rodolfo is “furious” as the argument progresses. This makes the scene more remarkable as we see the characters’ feelings are displayed so raw and vividly in this scene, as shown in the phase instructions.

Catherine describes Eddie as “mad all the time and nasty”, which contrasts with her earlier comments of “the sweetest man” and “good”. This reveals that Catherine likes Eddie quite but at the same time is afraid of him as she admits herself.

This paradox shows Catherine’s emotional turmoil and complex feelings. It likewise recommends that she too, knows something is incorrect with Eddie’s over-the-top rage and fury about the concept of her and Rodolfo together, additional emphasised by Rodolfo’s idea that Eddie will “spank” Catherine if she disobeys him? that there is something dark and primal in Eddie’s sensations for Catherine.

Catherine denies she is an ignorant “child” like everyone believes, which reminds us that Catherine is captured in the crossfire and needs to do what everyone else’s expectation of her. Nevertheless, she continues to protect Eddie as she criticises Beatrice of not being a good spouse and woman to Eddie, unlike the method she can because she can “tell” and “know” what Eddie wants and needs. This practically strange remark deepens the audiences’ sense of anxiousness as we think that something unsuitable is going on in between Eddie and Catherine and that Eddie’s sensation may perhaps be reciprocated.

Rodolfo does not seem to understand this as he encourages Catherine to leave Eddie. Catherine then attempts to alter the topic and rather tells Rodolfo to “hold” and “teach” her. This reveals Catherine is inexperienced. However additionally, it can imply that she is manipulative? when the discussion is not turning out the way she wants to, she cunningly changes the topic using her sexuality. This contrasts with the previous impression the audience have of her and recommends that she is not the saint that we think she is.

She sobs “softly” as Rodolfo gently leads her to the bedroom? hence completes Catherine’s improvement from a “little lady” to a woman. It signifies Catherine’s choice of Rodolfo over Eddie as she loses her virginity to Rodolfo? something she can never declare back, parallel to the reality she can not return to Eddie any longer. Her ties have finally been cut. This considerable occasion also suggests tragedy is inescapable as the audience know all hell will break out when Eddie discovers.

There is a little pause between the part when Rodolfo leads Catherine to the bedroom and Eddie’s confrontation with them. Throughout this part, no speech is spoken; it only shows Eddie’s return. This gives the audience some breathing time as stress slows down a little and to offer time for the audience to get ready for the revelation Eddie is about to discover.

Eddie returns home “drunk”, which develops stress as the audience anticipate problem, and the fact that he is intoxicated suggests his behaviour would be much more aggressive and unpredictable and then making his confrontation with Rodolfo and Catherine more significant.

Eddie sees Catherine initially; the circumstance seems calm, though awkward and uneasy because the audience know that a huge thing has actually just taken place and the peace is simply the calmness before the storm and we wait anxiously for the awful reality to strike Eddie. According to the phase direction, Rodolfo comes out of the bed room second.

Eddie sees him and his arm “jerks somewhat in shock”. Rodolfo nods to him “testingly”. Eddie jerks his arm in shock indicates he understands what has occurred. He is in astonishment and shock. Rodolfo advises the audience that Beatrice is out, which means there is no one to serve as the peace-maker? there are only 3 of them alone in the little, claustrophobic apartment where the atmosphere is tense and uncomfortable.

There is a time out as Eddie let the discovery to sink in. the time out produces suspense as the audience wait on his devastating response. Rather, however, Eddie simply informs Rodolfo to “get outa here”. An easy, short command with no explanation or discussion. This magnify the uneasiness in the atmosphere as his response seems oddly still to the horrible knowledge he just found out, the audience are amazed by this and wonder what will take place next. Eddie grabs her arm as Catherine begins to go.

This is the start and a tip to the dispute that is yet to come. Catherine begins to go. Catherine is “shivering with shock”, shows that she is actually frightened. She “releases her arm”, recommends that she is standing up to Eddie lastly. She speaks in short sentences, developing a fast pace and urgency environment Eddie attempts to gain back the control of the circumstance by commanding Catherine: “You ain’t going anyplaces. “

He desperately tries to make Catherine remain by use the last little his power to control her. When Catherine disobeys, he “draws her to him” and “kisses her on the mouth” as Eddie lastly challenges his desire and feeling for Catherine.

The kiss suggests there is something of a libido in Eddie’s feelings, not just the simple possessiveness some daddies have of their daughters. Eddie asks Rodolfo what he is “gon na be”, hence challenging him, with Catherine as the winner’s rate. Rodolfo squares up to Eddie and accept the obstacle “with tears of rage”, suggesting his ego has been bruised severely.

He “flies at him in attack”, which shows Rodolfo’s severe rage at the fact Eddie has just kissed Catherine and his challenge of his manliness. However, Eddie embarrasses him even more as he “pins his arms, laughing, and suddenly kisses him”.

This kiss is really unexpected and unpredicted, so it is extremely shocking for the audience and we are incredulous at Eddie’s actions. This kiss is an extremely extreme action and we slowly realise that it is utilized to embarrass Rodolfo, questioning his manliness and an effort Eddie makes to verify his suspicion of Rodolfo’s sexuality. Catherine “tears “at Eddie’s face, while Eddie stands there with “tears rolling”. This is the point where Eddie realises he has lost and this is the point where he understands Catherine is gone from him.

The audience sympathises with him since we understand he really loves Catherine and he has just lost everything he holds dear. Nevertheless, he still attempts to gain the control of the scenario and he and Rodolfo are practically frozen with anger:

“They are like animals that have torn at one another and broken up without a decision, each other awaiting other’s mood” This description compare Rodolfo and Eddie as “animals”, recommend something dark, scary and primal in the circumstance, which makes the audience feel uneasy and unpleasant.

When Eddie breaks the silence, he informs Rodolfo to go out and informs him to “enjoy your step, submarine.” “Submarine” is slang for an illegal immigrant. This is a cautioning to Rodolfo and a tip to what is going to take place. From this point on, it is clear to the audience that catastrophe is inevitable due to the fact that it appears that Eddie will go as far as to betray his household and report the bros to the Migration Bureau. We also know that if Eddie does do that, the effect will be devastating, as foreshadowed by the Vinny Bolzano story from the really previously on of the play.

Eddie ends this show a dreadful caution, which create thriller as to what he is going to do and gets the audience’s attention as we wait to see his next actions although we currently believe what he is going to do. In conclusion, the opening scene of Act Two is among the most important and dramatic points of the play. Throughout the very first act, Arthur Miller tells us of Rodolfo and Marco’s arrival and establishes the steps causing the play’s climax ending. In Act One, the audience see the development of Eddie’s fear and jealousy, gradually accumulating to his last outburst.

The event in this scene: Rodolfo and Catherine sleeping together is the last push that sends out Eddie over the edge and promote him to report the cousin to the Migration Bureau. It is in this scene Eddie’s patience goes out and in this scene he realises he has lost Catherine to Rodolfo. He faces his sensations by kissing Catherine and embarrasses Rodolfo with the shocking kiss.

This scene has lots of emotions which are shown vividly to the audience through the characters’ actions and speech. The emotions get the audience attention since we care about the characters and curious about what is going to occur.

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