Analytical Essay– The Crucible
The Crucible takes the historic context of the Salem witch trials of 1692 in order to check out several crucial, yet various, styles. Miller turns the reader’s attention to the little neighborhood of Salem, Massachusetts, and motivates the reader to take a look at how individuals act under risks from society. Some people show their best traits while others show their worst traits. The motivations that drive the various characters in The Crucible, and in reality the people of Salem at the time, were the fear of losing the defense of individual reputation and the reputation of the Church.
In the context of Puritanism, which supposedly supported the virtues of honesty, The Crucible reveals that those who are honest are not thought and suffer persecution, while those who lie are applauded and appreciated. Dishonesty quickly becomes a contagion that erases all human decency. Mass hysteria ends up being a terribly unsafe social epidemic. Credibility, both personal and for the church, was exceptionally essential in Salem where social standing of a person was connected to his/her ability to follow to follow spiritual rules and beliefs. If people were of excellent standing in the church, hello likewise had good standing in the neighborhood. In The Crucible, the behaviour of one character, Reverend Samuel Parris, exhibits this requirement to secure and keep a great track record within the church and keeps a high regard for himself. This is evident in his dispute with John Proctor as to whether the supply of fire wood ought to be deducted from his salary: “I am not some preaching farmer with a book under my arm, I am a graduate of Harvard College” (p. 34). He likewise defends his reliable position as a minister, revealing his high expectation for he respect he desires and feels he deserves, “a minister is the Lord’s male in the parish … not to be so gently crossed or opposed” (p. 34). In his relationship with Abigail Williams, Parris exposes another side to his character, which reveals his little concern for the well-being of others, and even more concern for his reputation in the town. Abigail’s actions could have harmful repercussions that could cost her life. Parris orders Abigail to tell him the reality about her actions in the forest, that if she in fact “trafficked with spirits in the forest … [his] enemies will uin [him] for it” (p. 19). Other characters likewise feel concern about keeping their track record. When it comes to John Proctor, a character who worries extremely little about his standing in the church, it is his individual credibility that he seeks to protect. This lesser regard for church matters eventually cost him his life. He seldom participated in Sunday service, which was virtually a requirement for Salem’s citizens. His lack of church understanding appeared when he had problem remembering the 10 Rules. Many significantly, the Commandment he might ot remember was “thou shalt not devote adultery,” which was Proctor’s biggest sin. For Proctor, his individual reputation was of far greater importance, and he declines to confess to witchcraft in order to maintain his credibility: “I have actually given you my soul, leave me my name” (p. 124). Rebecca Nurse, another character who was figured out to maintain her credibility, believed, like Proctor, that her stability was more crucial that her individual safety. She was known for her spiritual zeal and strong track record but her hanging revealed that even a most highly regarded church member was not immune to the accusations of itchcraft. The desperation to secure one’s reputation is an incredibly common characteristic amongst a number of the characters in The Crucible, and most act dishonestly in order to atain it. Most of the characters in the play are guilty of some kind of lying and deceitfulness either to themselves or to others in the neighborhood. Their actions are self- serving, as in the case of three principle characters: Abigail Williams, John Proctor, and Deputy Guv Danforth. Abigail Williams is the most sly villain of the book, who utilizes lying to get what she desires and to avoid punishment.
Abigail has no intention of suffering for her lies. After having actually convinced Tituba to perform witchcraft in the forest, Abigail strongly turns down any accusations made versus her that the incident ever occurred, “uncle, we did dance; let you inform them I admitted it– and I’ll be whipped if I need to be. But they’re speakin’ of witchcraft” (p. 19). As Abigail continues to lie, she begins to dishonestly declare to the neighborhood that she, in addition to a variety of other women of the town, has the ability to see spirits. They implicate many ladies of Salem of making “compact with the Devil” (p. 6) and Abigail wrongly accuses Tituba of “making [her] dream corruptions” (p. 46). John Proctor’s most significant sin is that of infidelity, and in order to protect his good name, John Proctor lies about his past relationship with Abigail. He acts in a deceiving manner, declining to admit that he has actually been in a jeopardizing circumstance with Abigail. In an argument with Elizabeth, Proctor says “Female. I’ll not have your suspicion any longer” (p. 54). Although Elizabeth is hurt that John Proctor turned from her, she, too, lies in order to safeguard John’s reputation by mentioning in ourt that John “has actually not dedicated the criminal activity of lechery” (p. 100). Danforth, the judge and lieutenant governor, lies to the neighborhood and to himself in his claim to serve justice to the neighborhood as God commands. Nevertheless, his statements in court support alternate motives. “Post ponement now mentions floundering on my part … while I speak God’s law, I will not crack its voice with whimpering” (Act 4), Danforth says, regarding assure himself of being ‘godly’, but when he includes the personal element, “floundering on my part”, it is revealed that it is his nstitutional reputation that is at stake, therefore his following allegations towards the victims of court can be seen as self- serving rather than rendering justice to individuals of Salem. Both the styles of the importance of track record and dishonesty are both strong themes in The Crucible, and to each other, are carefully linked. A big bulk of the characters act dishonestly to protect and maintain their credibilities, even if the consequences implied death. Salem’s leaders, such as Danforth and Parris, would not sacrifice their track records– neither individual nor with the church– even f it implied condemning others to suffering. Danforth, in result, acts dishonestly to the neighborhood, rejecting the neighborhood of a credible justice system. Proctor and Abigail lie about their previous relationship (Abigail to Parris and Proctor to Elizabeth) in order to safeguard their individual credibilities. Proctor and Nurse are some of the few characters whose ethical status and individual reputation endure the persecution, although Proctor and Nurse, themselves, do not. Abigail, although she lies about her capability to see witchcraft, is never prosecuted for her treachery.