The novel Brave New World by Aldous Huxley tries to show us the severe repercussions of social planning. As Huxley makes it, it is a job begun in viewpoint, and ending in a couple of theorists exercising control over bigger society in order to suppress philosophy among the generality. The residue of philosophers has actually made the knowledge that thinking is negative to human happiness and social stability.
Therefore the overriding goal of the 27th century world neighborhood is to suppress the natural human inclinations.
In result the community is only of the small coterie of philosophers at the helm, for the rest of mankind is preserved at a bestial level of existence by their machinations. They are bred synthetically, and then raised through continuous conditioning, all developed to make them work on their animal impulses alone, therefore that they hate the least tendency to reflection. All are made sexually sterilized, and then encouraged to harp on the sexual act with promiscuous desert.
Care is taken that the promiscuous partners do not fall in love, for love excites the worthy propensities, and theses threaten to the status quo. Otherwise, any considerable idea in nipped in the bud, for the occupants of this society are encouraged to take the soma drug at the least onset of a major idea procedure. It has been exercised that a hierarchy is essential for this society to operate, and according a five-fold caste system has been applied to the makeup of this society– from the alphas and betas at the top, to the deltas and epsilons at the bottom.
The breeding and conditioning happens according to this scheme. It is an accomplishment of logic, and yet it is likewise the death of the human. This dispute is the main theme of the book. The opening section of the novel presents to us this theme variously and in poignant fashion. This essay carries out a linguistic analysis of the opening chapter, which sheds light on the total theme. The general impression given is that society has actually progressed very far, so that logic and science have totally prevailed.
The Director of the Hatcheries is explaining to some students the process of artificially reproducing the citizens of this society. His account tells us that it is a highly advanced process, and the machinery seems to be functioning perfectly. As he goes into the fertilizing space, there are fifty Fertilizer staff immersed in their work, therefore the group is met a “rarely breathing silence, the absentminded, soliloquising hum or whistle, of absorbed concentration” (Huxley 2004, p. 16). All the hints point to an extremely sophisticated society working on the factory concept.
The factory concept is so prestigious years are counted from the year that the industrialist Henry Ford highlighted his very first mass-production cars and truck, the model T, which remained in the year 1914. The present year is stated to be 632 A. F.– the latter represent “after Ford” (Ibid 15). However the factory is producing human beings. The cold calculation that is associated with this procedure reminds us of death rather than life. The tip is that the genesis of human being is likewise a procedure whereby mankind passes away. For that reason, the basic atmosphere painted is deathly, cold and uninspiring.
“A SQUAT grey structure of just thirty-four stories” (Ibid, p. 15). describes the Hatcheries Central, and specifies a dull setting, to juxtapose it versus its memorable function. Winter season conditions are kept to preserve the eggs and the sperm, and winter is likewise intimated in a symbolic sense. “Wintriness responded to wintriness. The overalls of the workers were white, their hands gloved with a pale corpse-coloured rubber. The light was frozen, dead, a ghost” (Ibid). The general impression is that this is not a place of life, but of death.
The conflict is likewise between knowledge and lack of knowledge. We are privy to a society where the excess of understanding has begotten its reverse, which is a will to lack of knowledge. The society is based on an extremely philosophical design, and yet the viewpoint behind it is not expected to be understood by the residents, because the entire things is to eliminate thinking. Therefore the slogan of World Society is emblazoned on the top of the entrance to the Hatcheries: “COMMUNITY, IDENTITY, STABILITY” (Ibid). The only possible way for the entire world to live as one community is to reduce thought.
Individuality is encouraged, however only in so far as it pertains to action in specific, and shuns all generalizations that stems of believing. “Not theorists but fret-sawyers and stamp collectors compose the backbone of society,” we are told by the narrator (Ibid). “Identity” here means that a person is able to satisfy one’s own immediate inclination or instinct. Stability is the outcome of this non-thinking and instinct-driven presence. Simply put, the strategy is for a bestial presence, and one gets stability simply as a types of animal is steady in its jungle home.
Yet the greatest approach needs to exist side-by-side with this made lack of knowledge, since the lack of knowledge should be manufactured by someone. The Director of the Hatcheries is amongst the tiny group of people that should know exactly what is going on, for they need to process and keep it. He belongs to the greatest caste, the Alphas, those who are privy to all understanding. However the 2nd highest caste, the Betas, must likewise have a working understanding, due to the fact that they handle the high supervisory functions of the running of this society. “Simply to provide you a basic idea” (Ibid 16).
the Director is wont to state as he supplies guideline to the Beta trainees. They are not supposed to know, yet they need to be able to do their work properly, and with a degree of intelligence. The knowledge that they are offered is simply enough to keep them delighted. They use the understanding towards the particular work that they need to do. If they do their work efficiently they have task complete satisfaction and monetary reward, and request nothing beyond these. However the risk is that the knowledge is used typically, and beyond the confines of the specific situation.
Such application of understanding disrupts the entire pattern, and defeats the things of society. “For details, as every one understands,” the narrator informs us, describing the logic of the Director, “produce virtue and joy; generalities are intellectually necessary evils” (Ibid). The last observation is told from the point of view of the Director, and it is considerable that he explains generalities as “intellectually essential evils”. This is admitting that evil has actually not been eradicated from this society. It is present while doing so, particularly in the idea process that stimulates the whole system.
However the intellection that occurs is necessary, so it is not the philosophers at the helm who are wicked. There is no indicator in the book that the World Controllers abuse the power that they have actually appropriated. They are portrayed as selfless, and as having no concern however the greatest good of society. They hold the secret understanding that believed is evil, but the evil does not touch their own individual, while they continue with their intellectual designs on society. The evil is instead diffused throughout the system. The evil element of this society is the aggregate loss of humanity.
Joy has been purchased, however the price spent for it has been necessary mankind. The present of mankind is the greatest gift, and therefore the price paid is the supreme one. For all its evident contentedness, this society is intrinsically inhuman, and the descriptions of the process happening in the Hatcheries Central point towards an inhuman presence. “I shall start at the start” (Ibid). This is how the Director begins his direction, trying to make a solemnity in keeping with the enormity of what is occurring, which is human genesis on an enormous scale.
However his effort fails, and it seems absolutely nothing more than a facetious pun. We see the exact same effort towards solemnity in all his words and gestures. But solemnity is not possible in the existence of such mundane procedures, no matter that the object is human genesis. He informs them about the operation that removes the female ovaries, which are then kept functioning artificially in order to supplies the human eggs. We are told that the donors act willingly, but we know that it is really a large bait of “a perk amounting to 6 months’ wage” that causes them (Ibid, p. 17).
Both sperm and egg cells are preserved at the best temperature levels, before getting to the fertilizing room, where cylinders including the eggs are by hand dipped into the sperm to result fertilization. We are surprised to witness human conception under such a shabby process as dipping cylinders is critical fluid. The computation is unrelenting. Not all the fertilized eggs are not all dealt with the exact same. Those embryos that are predestined to end up being Alpha people are accorded the best treatment. All other embryos are intentionally maltreated, to various degrees, so that they form the lower hierarchies, from beta to epsilon.
The “Bokanovsky’s Process” is the euphemistic term to explain this crime. The intentional damaging of embryos in indicative of the intrinsic inhumanity of this society. It is one human being incapacitating another who is at the most helpless state of presence. The evil is hence inherent in the process itself. Not simply on the theorist at the top, the indictment in some way falls on society at a whole. References Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World and Brave New World Revisited. London: HarperCollins, 2004.