Brave New World by Aldous Huxley: A Summary
Brave New World essay Picture a world without wars, starvation, old-age or illness, where everybody is happy with what they have and where people do not complain. Envision this location, where people do not discriminate each other for their skin colour or since of their faith. This is the scenario of the Brave New World, the people there are divided into ranks, from Alpha Plus to Epsilon. However they don’t care about the classes, their mindset is simple; without the other classes, life would not be possible. The classes each have their colour, tasks etcetera. Individuals are never ever unhappy or discontent.
However not whatever in this world is best; such as not having your own identity, or living in a world based upon lies. So this ideal world isn’t as ideal as it looked like initially. Individuals that live there do not know any much better, it has been that for as long as they can keep in mind. But for an outsider, such as John, it is actually difficult to reside in such a world. He sees them as individuals who live their lives, just to wind up dying. Individuals aren’t born naturally, they aren’t raised by parents or have an actual house. They do not understand the concept of love, flexibility of choices, or grief.
When they do feel miserable, or just dissatisfied they just take their soma and they get in a state of no-thinking, which they experience as happiness and leisure. Huxley intentionally selected to exchange universal joy and stability for the principles of love, motherhood, freedom, family and so on. This would make us realise that every benefit has its downside and the other way around. Also, he explains that there is no such thing as the perfect world. This essay will describe how each of the characters slowly expose the awfulness of the Brave New World.
Firstly, Aldous Huxley presents John the Savage to the reader. He in fact utilizes John to show how the Brave New World is considered by an outsider. Like the reader, John considers the best world. However absolutely nothing can be more wrong, there is a lot more needed for an ideal world, and this is precisely what John and the reader gradually learn later. The Savage has been prejudiced by his mom, Linda, who has told him his whole life about a best world. And so he considers this world as ideal, in the meanwhile he has checked out Shakespeare. During that, he also comprises his best world; a world filled with love and enthusiasm.
He has never known such world, not in the Reservation, not in the cave with his mom or in the Brave New World. He feels alone, since he seems like he has no place where he belongs. Because of this the reader can acquaint with him, as in some cases all of us desire to discover a location where we would be desired and we also feel sad for him. When he fulfills Lenina, he falls in love for the first time in his life. At first it looks like Lenina likes him too, but then it becomes clear she enjoys him her method, the way of the Brave New World, the way in which you only love for sex.
Later, as his mother dies of soma, John gets furious. He needed to see his mother slowly escape and eventually die, just of the soma and her dependency. This likewise reveals the reader how addictive and terrible it should be to live with and without soma. In the end he sees society as a world where drugs have replaced happiness and sadness. A world in where there is no war, however likewise no room for hope or love. A world without uniqueness or freedom. In addition Huxley presents another character with a comparable dislike for the Brave New World.
Rather of just utilizing John to show the awfulness of the Brave New World, Huxley added Bernard Marx. Huxley introduces him as a bitter guy, a misfit. With Bernard in the story the reader can see the Brave New World through the eyes of someone who currently lives in the Brave New World however has different ideas. Huxley then can highlight how misfits, such as Bernard, perceive society. Before Bernard has actually satisfied the Savage the reader knows how Bernard feels, through his actions, reactions of other individuals and also through his ideas.
He feels insecure which brings in the reader to like him a lot more, as everybody is insecure occasionally. Bernard feels there is more to life than just sex and soma. He wishes for something what he can’t name, something we would call passion and love. This can be explained from his actions with Lenina. “He remembered those weeks during which he had looked and wanted and practically quit hope of ever having the courage to ask her. Did he dare take the danger being shamed by a harsh rejection? However if she were to state yes, what happiness! He does not consider Lenina like an (lust)object, however as a real individual, someone he would wish to spent the rest of his life with. Although, Lenina just sees him as someone who can organize nice trips for her, and is only a ‘quickie’, far from Henry Foster. He hates to see her with any other male, much like he dislikes the slogan: everything comes from everyone else. Bernard also dislikes soma, even though he is obliged to, he still tries to use as less as possible. He even declines to take in soma ice during his date with Lenina “I ‘d rather be myself’, he said. Myself and dissatisfied. Not somebody else, however cheerful. ‘” He doesn’t dislike soma the method the Savage does, he hates it for the reason that he sees the way individuals act after their “routine”, he hates to think about himself like that. This is the very same with the reader, we also think about soma like a drug. And after utilizing it you start to end up being high and act strangely. So John isn’t the only one who shows the reader about the downsides of the Brave New World. Additionally, Huxley introduces another character to reveal the misery of the Brave New World; Helmholtz Watson.
Even as his character does not play as huge a role as Bernard, he does feel different. “… he had actually nonetheless understood rather all of a sudden that sport, women and expert and social activities were not, so far as he was concerned, the most important things in life. Actually, deep down, he was interested in something else. However in what?” In this extract it ends up being clear that Helmholtz believes there is something more to live for, but, like Bernard, he can’t create it. Later on he starts writing poems, and concurs that his own works are absolutely nothing more than dull propaganda.
But he can’t compose like Shakespeare about mothers, daddies and marriage. That was simply not possible in the Brave New World, as parents were referred to as primitive and strange. He wants to discuss something individuals of the Brave New World can understand, however still filled with enthusiasm, emotions and intensity. At first there seems to be no reason for Helmholtz to dislike the World State, he is not like Bernard who is weak and does not fit in. Helmholtz is a favored, attractive and smart guy, who needs to deny a foursome with three women.
But still, Helmholtz detests the Brave New World, because he is in fact too clever. He sees how the people aren’t able to create an own viewpoint, and how this world limits his skills as a writer. He and John are rather similar, they both slam the Brave New World and enjoy Shakespeare. Even though Watson laughs at the parts of daddies and mothers. Later he ends up at a deserted island, this would disgust most readers. As we do not put our issues on an island. Last but not least, Mustapha Mond. Huxley provides the World Controller, the ne individual who might actually alter things but does not. Even he believes not whatever of the World State is right, nevertheless if it needs to be that method, so it would be much better for his people, so be it. He only thinks of how he can manage the Brave New World, and keep the peace. Prior to he was the World Controller, he was an independent researcher, who could think on his own and make decisions for himself. Likewise, he is not decanted and not sleep-taught. He picked to be the World Controller of Western Europe, in order to do that he had to give up his literature and science.
He has a secret safe in his office where he keeps his prohibited books; including Othello and the Holy Bible. The reality that specific books like the Bible or Shakespeare are forbidden are hard for us to believe. Furthermore, Mond understands about God however he won’t tell individuals for the same factor as why the books are prohibited; they may provide individuals different concepts, which isn’t allowed in the World State. He believes that in order to keep stability and happiness, one has to sacrifice feelings, human relations and individual expression.
He also believes that new ideas must be prohibited, due to the fact that they can make his people dissatisfied. Whatever the reader abhors of the Brave New World, is really because of Mustapha Mond. He bans misfits and everyone who has different ideas. He restricts art, clinical flexibility and literature, only due to the fact that individuals could come up with various ideas. However he promotes the use of soma, as it makes his people pleased. In general this best world may appear like one, however is most absolutely not. For a perfect world one requires love, passion and hope but likewise misery and grief.
So how did the characters reveal the reality that the Brave New World isn’t an utopia? Both, John and Bernard, need to face the fact that soma has actually taken control of individuals’s lives. John sees that soma has replaced the human feelings and Bernard has actually exposed that soma is managing the people, they have routines and even soma ice cream. John also discovers that the World State does not permit freedom or uniqueness. Likewise, love plays a substantial function. They find that there are 2 methods of caring, one is loving for sex and the other is loving the person and wishing to spent the rest of your life with her.
Both love Lenina and both are let down by her, since she only understands how to like for sex. Even more, Helmholtz reveals the reader that even the most intelligent, handsomest and best-looking guy can miss something like passion and love. Then Mustapha Mond, he exposes that the only method to keep universal stability and happiness is to prohibit flexibility, love, literature and people with different concepts. Also, he promotes the use of soma to keep the peace and stability. So we are much better off now, than in a world without liberty and love. “I’m declaring the right to be dissatisfied! “