Brave New World– Huxley’s Message
A protagonist is described as the prominent character in an unique or text. In Aldous Huxley’s “Brave New World”, John the Savage is the main protagonist opposed to Bernard Marx or Helmholtz Watson since he symbolizes cultural distinction among the World State and the Savage Reservation. Although Bernard and Helmholtz demonstrate distinctions that would not be accepted in the civilized society, they are only seen as leading characters. Huxley uses John’s character to explain the short comings of what would become of a negative Paradise or “dystopia”, which is the driving force behind Huxley’s message in the novel.
Bernard’s physical difference would be the sole reason for his rejection to society and would make him one of Huxley’s leading characters in the story. “Everything can be removed from a guy or a female however something: the last of human flexibilities to pick one’s mindset in any offered set of scenarios, to choose one’s own method.” This quote mentioned by Victor E. Frankl, shows the best example of what has been stripped from individuals in Huxley’s society. In order for a male to earn an authentic complimentary life, he must experience discomfort and suffering. A man without distress is a guy without a soul, and Huxley’s future describes a world without pain and a world without a soul.” Bernard Marx is a person that wishes for liberty yet is conditioned accept his position in life. Throughout the story Bernard is revealed to be somebody that is out casted from the society since he looks and acts various. An example of this would be when Fanny states “they state somebody made a mistake when he was still in the bottle-thought he was a Gamma and put alcohol into his blood surrogate.
That’s why he’s so stunted” (Huxley page 46). Bernard is not socially accepted amongst the other caste members in society due to the fact that he does not share equal interest in such things like Barrier Golf and soma. Even when Bernard has had an intimate minute with another individual, he still feels lonesome and unsatisfied. This is represented when Bernard goes to the Solidarity Service and afterwards feels unpleasant (Huxley 86). Bernard is even out casted when he talks to Helmholtz, his closest and potentially just good friend that shares equal frustration’s with society.
Helmholtz judges Bernard for disappointing enough pride when Bernard begins to discharge his sensations throughout the conversation in chapter 4. Although Bernard shows qualities and distinctions that separate him from the rest of the society, he would not be thought about the protagonist of the story since of the abrupt modification in character in chapter 11 after Bernard has actually brought John back to the civilized society. Bernard begins to reveal qualities of a “normal” character in Brave New World when he starts taking soma and sleeping with ladies.
This is shown when Bernard tells Helmholtz about all the females he has actually slept with in the past week (Huxley 156-157). Although Bernard is thought about one of the leading characters in the Brave New World, he is not the central protagonist of the story nor is his pal Helmholtz who shares an equivalent dislikes for the World State. Huxley’s uses his character Helmholtz Watson to function as a foil to Bernard Marx considering that he is not totally developed character. The foil between the two characters is that Bernard is two weak and unsuited for the position that he was given up his caste system as an Alpha plus.
Helmholtz is a strong, smart and socially accepted individual who feels that he is too strong for his position and feels that the shallow culture he lives in his suppressing him. An example of this would be when Helmholtz states to Bernard “did you ever feel as though you have something inside you that was only waiting for the ideal possibility to come out” (Huxley 67)? Although Helmholtz appears to be superior to Bernard and other people in society, he is still specified by the culture he was raised in.
Helmholtz still shows qualities that a conditioned Alpha plus would have such as delighting in outside sports, solidarity services and sex practices. This assists create a cultural space in the foil that is in between Helmholtz and John since John comprehends the principle of love, marriage and parents coming from the savage booking, while Helmholtz thinks these things to vulgar due to the culture he was specified and conditioned to think. An example of Helmholtz still being defined by the culture he was raised in is when Helmholtz laughs at the play Romeo and Juliet and the ideas of marriage and love (Huxley 184).
Helmholtz is proven to be a foil to both Bernard and John, and is a good example of among the leading characters in Brave New World. Though this holds true, he is not the main protagonist of the story. The lead character is the driving force behind Huxley’s message, and because case John would be the perfect example of that message. John the Savage is the driving force behind Huxley’s message since he shows cultural distinction in between both the World State and the Savage Booking.
John is an individual that is turned down in both societies for his differences. On The Planet State, John is declined due to the fact that he is not conditioned like everybody else to have a place in society and is seen as uncivilized originating from a society where history, monogamy and family are still practiced. In civilization, household and monogamy don’t exist and history is prohibited since it causes problems in society. An example of this would be in chapter 3 when Mustapha Mond quotes Ford and states “history is bunk” (Huxley 34).
In the savage booking, John is out casted by the other savages due to the fact that his mother Linda originated from the civilized world and still carried out specific practices that she was conditioned to think were appropriate. John was given London as an experiment by Bernard and Mustapha Mond to see John’s response to civilization. The response is that John is horrified to view the lifestyle and practices of a civilized society. An example of this would be how John reacts when Lenina tries to make love with him (Huxley 194).
John’s only understanding came from the stories his mom informed him about the World State and a book on Shakespeare he picked up when he was young. John’s separation between both societies shows him to be the ultimate outsider. Huxley utilizes this as a metaphor to compare John to a Utopian society and what its result would be. In the end of the novel, John can’t manage civilized society and devotes suicide. Huxley is saying that a utopian society without uniqueness and humanization is the result of a damaged society.
Simply put, “utopia really suggests no location”. Aldous Huxley’s “Brave New World” is a novel about a utopian society that is managed by police state. Huxley’s message is portrayed through the character John the Savage because he symbolizes the outcome of a negative paradise in addition to the cultural distinction in both the World State and the Savage Appointment. Although Bernard Marx and Helmholtz Watson would be the considered the leading characters of the story, John the Savage is the main protagonist in Brave New World.