Death of a Salesperson Essay
Essay: Death of a Salesman America has actually long been known as the land of opportunity. After The Second World War, the purpose of all Americans was to achieve the American Dream: the concept that anyone can eventually accomplish success, even if they begin with absolutely nothing. According to Arthur Miller, “From Orestes to Hamlet, Medea to Macbeth, the underlying struggle is that of the specific attempting to get his “rightful” position in his society” (Miller 1200).
In the play Death of a Salesman, Miller established the roles of Charley, Bernard and Ben to bring into relief the mental tensions present in the character of Willy Loman by constantly contrasting his unfulfilling life with these character’s successful lives. Charley is the ideal example of someone who has entirely fulfilled the American dream. He has worked hard all his life, he has been truthful, and is now a successful service guy. Willy covets his success, however he can not understand how Charley did it due to the fact that “Charley is not liked.
He resembles, but he is not well liked” (30 ). This guy is living proof that you need to work hard in life to achieve your dreams. His success story invalidates Willy’s theory which says that the most essential thing in life is to be well liked. Charley does not require to be well liked, he has cash and regard. In contrast with Willy, he didn’t select the simple course. He took the long tough course and burnt the midnight oil to achieve his dreams. It is likewise seemingly clear that Charley’s success harms Willy’s ego and brings out his conceited side.
Knowing he can’t match Charley’s standards, his wounded pride takes control of and he systematically breaks down any discussion they have by alarming his only friend with his cutting words: “You big know nothing, if you state that to me once again, I’ll rap you one! I don’t care how big you are! He is all set to eliminate!” (97 ). This unstable behaviour reflects Willy’s distorted personality. Charley even uses Willy a job, which could have fixed all of his problems. He could have had a steady task and resided in peace for the rest of his life, once again, his wounded pride took over and he turned down the task.
Hence, Charley also illustrates with accuracy one of the tragic flaws that will lead Willy Loman to his downfall, his extreme pride. Moreover, Charley is the reason for Willy’s continuous requirement for approval and recognition because Willy is envious from him. Willy lies to his household about his appeal in different cities since he wants them to think he is somebody important, however in truth, he understands he isn’t as appreciated as Charley: “I have good friends. I can park my automobile in any street in New England, and the polices secure it like their own” (31 ). All these lies highly suggest that the old salesman lives in a world of illusion.
This is clearly among Willy’s psychological problems. Following his daddy Charley’s example, Bernard is a conscientious trainee and a hard worker. However, he is teased continually by Biff, Delighted, and even Willy for being such a geek. Bernard takes care of Biff: “Biff, Listen Biff, I heard Mr. Birnbaum state that if you don’t start studyin’ mathematics he’s gon na flunk you and you won’t graduate. I heard him!” (32 ). In this case, Bernard is the only character who’s connected to truth. He comprehends the consequences of Biff’s actions, and attempts to dissuade Biff from his aimless ambition towards a more solid objective.
Remarkably, Willy answers: “What’re you speaking about? With scholarships to three universities they’re gon na fail him?” “Don’t be a pest, Bernard! What an anaemic!” (33 ). This great contrast between this teen’s lucidity and the grownup’s heedlessness highlights with a striking accuracy Willy’s psychological stress. This scene is also a start to one of the major turnover of the story. They mock Bernard for worrying about school and his future but this is rather paradoxical because he winds up much better than anybody in the Loman’s household. At the end of the play, Willy satisfies him in his dad’s office and he ended up being a successful legal representative.
The old salesperson can’t even think it: “The Supreme Court! And he didn’t even discuss it!” (95 ). Charley’s answer will strike Willy’s ego with an incredible dose of reality: “He doesn’t need to. He’s gon na do it.” (95 ). This turnover clearly shows the gap that separates the men. One resides in a world of impressions while the other is linked to truth and does what it takes when it is time to do it. Willy can’t believe that Bernard has actually achieved all of his dreams despite the fact that he does not have the most glowing character. His inability to understand that he based his life on incorrect perfects highlights precisely the confusion in his mind.
Bernard is a consistent tip of what Biff could/should have been. He represents the effort needed to achieve the American dream. As he develops, he continues being modest and accountable in life. When Bernard describes his Supreme Court case as “just a case” (91 ), the reader sees how modest he stayed despite success. He has actually become a fantastic male without being well liked or incredibly good-looking. Therefore, Willy was incorrect about everything. Uncle Ben is Willy’s deceased bro who prospered actually fast doing service in Africa: “William, when I walked into the jungle, I was seventeen. When I left I was twenty-one. And by god I was abundant! (52 ). Of course, the truth that Willy keeps seeing Ben in his hallucination brings into relief the mental tensions present in this character. Ben represents Willy’s distorted vision of the American Dream. He began with nothing and prospered quickly. The name “Uncle Ben” is really fascinating too since it signifies the “I desire everything, I want it now!” side of America. “Want some rice? Get it quickly!” Given that 1953, this instantaneous rice company is a symbol of success in the United States. This powerful American symbol adds to reveal Ben as a successful company man. It is precisely what Willy wishes to be.
Ben is not confined by any restraints of any kind, and he is a callous company guy: “Never ever fight reasonable with a complete stranger, kid. You’ll never get out of the jungle that way.” (p. 49). When invited to do organisation with Ben, Willy might not join him due to the fact that of his family and his task. He now is sorry for refusing the opportunity after seeing how Ben had fulfilled his dream so perfectly: “Oh, Ben, how do we get back to all the fun times?” (127 ). Ben is Willy’s sign of all that is excellent in the land of chance. Sadly, he doesn’t comprehend that his sibling has actually been one of the couple of lucky ones to attain with extremely little work.
It created incorrect hopes in Willy’s mind and following impressions just causes failure. Due to his adoration for Ben, Willy begins seeing him as his conscience. Obviously, it isn’t Ben stating his viewpoints on Willy’s problems. It is Willy’s mind trying to validate his own choices: “Ben, how should I teach them? (…) Abundant! That’s simply the spirit I want to imbue them with! To walk into a jungle! I was best! I was ideal! I was ideal!” (52 ). The contrast between Ben’s effective life and Willy’s insufficient dreams plainly illustrates the conflict going on in Willy’s mind in between what he understands, and what he wishes to believe.
Eventually, in Miller’s Death of a Salesman, the roles of Charley, Bernard and Ben bring into relief the psychological stress present in the character of Willy Loman by constantly contrasting his dog’s life with these character’s accomplishments. Each of these guys reveals wisdom, intelligence and self-knowledge while Willy does not. Willy Loman wanted to dominate America “with a handshake and a smile”, but he screwed up. Or was he screwed over by the system. Playwright Arthur Miller never makes the cause clear, but the message comes through: Willy is a failure” (Rose, Washington Post).
Throughout his life, Willy Loman frequently made the incorrect choices and his failure to comprehend that he followed the wrong dream led him to his tragic fate. Works Cited L. Greenwald, Michael, Roberto D. Pomo and Roger Schultz. The Longman Anthology of Drama and Theater: A Global Point of view. USA: Addison-Wesley Educational Publishers, 2001. Miller, Arthur. Death of a Salesperson. New York City: Penguin, 1949 Rose, Lloyd. “The Lots of Faces Of the Salesperson: Onstage, a Long-lasting American Archetype.” Washington post April 25th (1999 )