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Hamlets Relationship with His Mother


Hamlets Relationship with His Mom

Hamlet’s Relationship with his Mom Throughout William Shakespeare’s Hamlet, Hamlet portrays what Sigmund Freud calls the Oedipal Complex. When the relationship in between Hamlet and his mother is evaluated, Freud’s Oedipal complex theory comes to mind. The Oedipal complex is a theory developed by Freud that states that the kid takes both of its moms and dads, and more particularly among them, as the object of its sensual wishes. Because of this desire to be with the parent of the opposite sex, a competition is formed with the parent of the very same sex.

In the play, Hamlet reveals great hostility toward his uncle Claudius, his male opponent. Hamlet sees his mom’s remarriage as a disgusting act of betrayal and sees murdering Claudius as a way of releasing his mother of an incestuous marital relationship along with avenging his father. Hamlet and his mom’s relationship are likewise revealed as more sexual than the standard mom child relationship due to the fact that of Hamlet’s language and private interaction with his mother. Hamlet’s inner monologues reveal much about what he is feeling and also aids in understanding the nature of the Oedipal complex within the character.

Elements of the Oedipal complex can be seen Hamlet’s first soliloquy where Hamlet speaks to himself, revealing his personal expression of pain and suffering. The primary cause of Hamlet’s torture is the remarriage of his mother to his uncle and not the death of his father. When Hamlet states: “With such mastery to incestuous sheets! It is not, nor it can not pertain to good./ But break my heart, for I should hold my tongue” (1. 2. 157-9), he is disgusted by his mom’s love toward Claudius due to the fact that he thinks it is incestuous. It can also be deduced the Hamlet is more worried with the marital relationship of his mom than the death of his dad.

Automatically, Hamlet thinks that since his daddy is dead, all his competition is gone and Claudius marrying his mom does not fit in with what Hamlet wants– taking his item of desire away from him. In act 3, Hamlet is in fact more worried with his mom’s sexual relationship than anything else, including avenging his father. Throughout the majority of the scene, Hamlet concentrates on his mom’s sexual relationship with Claudius by making many sexual allusions and slamming her with them. He mentions that she seeks out the “incestuous pleasure of his bed”(3. 4. l. 90).

The checking out of his mother’s sensual nature is since he is sexually concerned for her. Hamlet likewise makes lots of allusions to beds and sex. An example of this is when Hamlet states: “In the rank sweat of an enseamented bed stew ‘d” (3. 4. l. 93-96). It is possible that here, Shakespeare wanted to demonstrate how Hamlet’s rage brought out all his quelched sexually desires for his mom because of Hamlet’s concentration on Gertrude’s sex life. All of Hamlet’s crushed sensations come out in rage in this scene since of Hamlet’s quelched sexual desire for his mom– they surfaces due to his rage in the type of sexual allusions.

Lastly, the “closet scene” proves to be essential in understanding Hamlet and Gertrude’s relationship because the location (Gertrude’s bed room) enables Hamlet to have private a discussion with his mother. At the end of the “closet scene” it is evident that Hamlet is envious of the attention his mother’s providing to Claudius. He informs her: “Not this by no means that I bid you do: Let the bloat king lure you again to bed, Pinch wanton on your cheek, call you his mouse”(3. 4 l. 188-190). Because Hamlet informs his mom this with many sexual recommendations, he seems more like a jealous fan than a worried boy.

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This jealousy exhibits Hamlet’s desire to have all the attentions of his mother and to limit her from interaction with Claudius. At the end of the scene, Hamlet totally abandons questioning Gertrude about his daddy’s death and ends up being more concerned with her sexual life. It can also be inferred that Hamlet went to his mom due to the fact that of other underlying reasons because of his ongoing concentrate on stopping his mom from sleeping with Claudius. Shakespeare reveals Hamlet’s relationship with his mom to harmonize the Oedipal complex.

When looking at Hamlet and Gertrude’s relationship, signs of the Oedipal complex consisting of Hamlet’s language and personal interaction with his mom fit in with Freud’s theory that a kid ought to take his moms and dads as the first things of his love. Hamlet’s mindset towards Claudius and the truth that he sees him as competition towards his mother further represent the existence of this complex. Eventually, Hamlet’s incestuous sensations towards his mother and his ruthless hatred for Claudius lead to the damage of Denmark– an even worse fate than that of Oedipus himself.

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