Illusion and Truth Theme In Lord of the Flies
What is illusion? What is truth? Impressions make truth and impact reality; therefore the impression can become the truth that one perceives. This implies that, if one keeps on telling oneself, one is “this”, ultimately, one will become this. There are at least three particular times in Lord of the Flies by William Golding that this can be observed. The impressions that end up being truth are: Jack the Choir Boy who becomes Jack the Hunter, Simon who ends up being a horrible beast to the eys of the rebel people, and the conch, the shell at the bottom of a lagoon, which becomes the symbol of civilisation.
One example of how misconceptions make truth might be noticed in the following quotes. In the election conference scene, when Ralph asks Jack:
” ‘Jack supervises of the choir. They can be– what do you desire them to be?’ ‘Hunters.’ “
Style In Lord of the Flies, Page 19
Jack has actually set his impression; that he and his choir are hunters, when initially they were British choir young boys. In the immediate future, Jack is incapable of putting a pig to death. On their hike to find the peak of the mountain, they come upon a pig stuck in climbers:
“The three kids hurried forward and Jack drew his knife again with a thrive. He raised his arm into the air.
There came a pause, a hiatus. […] The time out was only enough time for them to understand what an enormity the downstroke would be. The piglet tore loose. […] Jack’s face was white under the freckles. “
One can quickly see that Jack is ashamed about what taken place by the way his face turns white. Later on in the story this deception becomes truth. Jack kills a pig with his hunters, and returns to inform the tale to Ralph:
” ‘We hit the pig-‘ ‘-I fell on top-‘ ‘I cut the pig’s throat,’ said Jack proudly, and yet twitched as he stated it”
Style In Lord of the Flies, Page 73
Jack has finally end up being a hunter, as he preferred.
Nevertheless, the pig can be seen as a metaphor of Jack the Choir Kid, and by butchering the pig, Jack has butchered off part of himself, or a minimum of injured it. One can understand this by how he twitched when he mentioned that he slit the pig’s throat. One can likewise understand the killing of Jack the Choir Boy due to the fact that this is a minute where they let the fire out, which is their only genuine means of indicating their existence on the island. A 2nd example of how impressions make truth in Lord of the Flies may also be seen is the monster becoming Simon.
This might be seen when they are having an assembly. Phil, a “littlun” remarks:
“‘ […] I saw something big and ghastly relocating the trees.’ […] ‘Did anybody head out?’ […] Then Simon stood up and Ralph searched for in astonishment. “
Style In Lord of the Flies, Page 91-92
Simon is already being associated as a monster by the “littluns” and this illusion of Simon being the monster becomes truth when they are all having the feast with the abandoner people, and they are chanting:
” ‘Eliminate the beast! Cut his throat! Spill his blood! Do him in!’ […] the beast stumbled into the horseshoe. …] Simon (the beast in the middle) was sobbing out something about a dead guy on a hill. […] The beast struggled forward, broke the ring and tipped over the steep edge of the rock to the sand by the water. […] Simultaneously the crowed surged after it, poured down the rock, jumped on the monster, shrieked, struck, bit, tore. […] Simon’s dead body moved out towards the ocean blue. “
In this considerable scene of Lord of the Flies they think Simon is the monster, nevertheless they are blocked on the preliminary illusion of him being a monster.
The monster ends up being Simon. They hate him. They rip. They tear. They murder him. Even after, the abandoner people still state he is the beast:
“-and after that; the monster might attempt to come in. You keep in mind how he crawled [that night] -‘ “
Theme In Lord of the Flies, Page 177
Even after eliminating Simon, they still think that the Beast is Simon. For them this is now truth. This entire scene is flooded with paradox. There are two different circumstances in which this irony is revealed. The very first situation is that Simon knows the real identity of “the beast”, he is the “dead man on a hill”.
This is remarkable irony as the reader understands, from the start, that the beast is the pilot that parachuted down. The second circumstance is that they eliminate Simon. Once again this is significant paradox, as one understands that it was actually Simon who was coming to caution them about the monster. Another example of how deceptions make truth is the conch. This can be observed in 3 particular points. The very first is when they are establishing their “federal government” or leader.
” ‘Elect a chief!’ ‘Let’s vote-‘ […] ‘Him with the shell’ “
This demonstrates how they affiliate the federal government with the conch.
They have addressed their future leader as ‘Him with the shell’, and they are currently developing the delusion that the shell is civilisation. One may believe that the authors has objectives of using the conch to represent civilisation by this scene in the start of the book at one of their meetings
“Jack clamoured amongst them, the conch forgotten”
Theme In Lord of the Flies, Page 37
The author could be revealing 2 things by this. To start with, he is associating the one who triggers the failure of their recognized civilisation with the forgetting of the conch.
Second of all, Golding formulated his sentence oddly, perhaps to make “the conch forgotten” stick out. He puts the subject prior to the subject’s attribute, when typically the quality is prior to the subject. This could be a way for Golding to call the reader’s attention to the fact that Jack is currently breaking the rules, and triggering anarchy. One could even believe that Jack is disregarding the guideline about only talking with the conch, intentionally showing that he is not part of this civilisation. The 3rd and last example of how the conch symbolises civilisation is seen at the end.
When Ralph, Piggy, and Samneric effort to talk sense into the people of savages, Piggy gets a boulder smashed into him and plummets to his death, with the conch in his hand.
“Suddenly Jack bounded out from the tribe and started shouting extremely ‘See? See? That’s what you’ll get! I meant that! There isn’t a people for you [Ralph] anymore! The conch is gone-‘ “
Theme In Lord of the Flies, Page 201
Jack feels like he has destroyed the only thing that Ralph has actually left: civilisation. Jack feels this by destroying the conch. Ultimately, after this scene, the civilised tribe ceases to exist.
Just Ralph, the commander of the civilised people, is left. For that reason, one can see that the impression of the conch being civilisation becomes truth, as the civilisation vanishes. One can see how impression becomes truth, and for that reason the illusion that a person views is truth. This is shown by many examples in Lord of the Flies. The impression of Jack the Choir Kid who ends up being Jack the Hunter, the Monster who becomes Simon through the eyes of the rebel tribe, and with the conch which becomes a sign of the civilisation. One could ask himself, is it