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Letter from Birmingham Jail, an in-Depth Analysis


Letter from Birmingham Jail, a thorough Analysis

Letter from Birmingham Jail A Thorough Analysis Fay Gregory Subject Name Here Instructor’s Call Here 2b April 2013 Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. has actually constantly been considered a profound historic figure, yet lots of stop working to comprehend the magnitude of his prominent impact on our world today. In fact, it is common for people to think of him just on the legal holiday dedicated to his memory. His life and untimely death ought to constantly work as a reminder of something many people take for approved: their personal flexibility. elieve thar _ one of King’s most effective writing echniques is drawing comparisons from previous historic leaders to himself and his current cause In Martin Luther Kings letter from girmingham Jail, he utilizes 3 different techniques to react to a published declaration by 8 fellow clergymen from Alabama. The names Of the clergymen are as follows: Bishop C. C. J. Carpenter, Bishop Joseph A. Durick, Rabbi Hilton L. Grafman, Bishop Paul Hardin, Bishop Holan B. Harmon, the Reverend George M.

Murray, the Reverend Edward V _ Ramage, and the Reverend Earl Stallings. The letter was composed under son-evhat constricting circumstance He started writing the letter on the argins Of the paper in which the declaration appeared and advanced scraps Of Composing paper supplied by a friendly Negro Trustee. and concluded it on a pad his lawyers were eventually allowed to leave him. The methods used by King in the Birmingham letter are as follows: A. Using an emotional appeal or pathos. g. Using appeal to authority or values C.

Using attract reasoning or logo designs, King efficiently uses these 3 strategies together with the opposition’s arguments to construct an action by step strategy to execute a non-violent project. For my analysis on the letter from Birmingham Prison, am going to use two areas with two various strategies. Initially, am going to explain parts otthe text that are the opposition’s arguments, then will explain parts of the text that utilize a sob story, then will point our parts of the text that are an appeal to authority. and lastly, I will mention parts of the text utilizing an appeal to reasoning.

In the 2nd section of this paper will address some questions I found in my research asked by the Liberation Curriculum, Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Job, 2004; v. uliberationcurriculum. org. King begins his letter by resolving the Clergymen with, “My Dear fellow Clergymen”. Then he starts with an emotional appeal followed by the first of the opposition’s arguments. He mentions, Mhile restricted in the Birmingham prison (pathos), discovered your recent declarations calling my present activities “ill-advised and untimelym.

He then explained that he seldom stop briefly to address criticisms Of his work and ideas, then utilizes an attract logic by advising that if he looked for to respond to all the criticisms that cross his days, his secretaries would ave little time to do anything other than such correspondence in the course of the day, and he would have no time for useful work. With another attract authority and reasoning, King recommends that he will try ro address their statements in what he hopes will he patient and reasonable terms because he feels that they are guys of authentic goodwill which the clergyman’s criticisms are all the best stated.

King uses another efficient writing strategy by drawing comparisons from previous historical leaders to himself, for example on the topic of preading knowledge of injustices dedicated through segregation, King states that, “just as the prophets of 80th century BC left their towns „ And simply as the apostle Paul left his brought the gospel of lesus Christ to the far corners or the Greco-Roman world, so am obliged to carry the gospel Of liberty beyond my hometown.

In this way the Reverend places his mission of preaching freedom along with the efforts of the prophets of old in terms of significance, and therefore invites the reader to reflect upon the honorable job he is carrying out gecause faith is so extensively considered a sacred concept that hould never ever be challenged, King’s contrast of religious beliefs to liberty is extremely efficient in convincing the reader that injustices devoted upon an individual’s freedom are not to be tolerated. King likewise covers the need for a more nonreligious point of view by creating parallels between himself and Socrates.

King appeals too many of the readers of this letter also because many people in the United States haue a spiritual background. Therefore, King has the ability to record the feelings of not just fellow African-Americans, but to white religious Americans as well. Now, as specified in my thesis statement, will try to respond to some concerns considered required from this analysis. Question top asked the concern what are the reasons Dr. King provided for remaining in Birmingham? King mentions that he was invited, that he has organizational ties in Birmingham, and since oppression is in Birmingham.

Concern number Oyo asks, how does King address the charge of being an outsider? Or, King recommends that he has the honor Of functioning as president Of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), a company operating in every 7 state, with head office in Atlanta Georgia. He further advised that a number of months ago the affiliate in Birmingham asked them to be on call to engage in a nonviolent direct action program if such were considered necessavy King said they readily consented and when the hour came, they lived up to their promise, Oppression anywhere is a danger to justice everßhere.

We are caught in an inescapable network of mutuality, incorporated a single garment of destiny. Question number three says the line in bold print is considered among King’s most famous quotes. Whar _ does this mean for people who have ignored the problems in Birmingham? The individuals who have actually ignored the issue do so because things are entering their favor It suggests that if you are not individuals being dealt with unjustly you just ignore it due to the fact that there is no result on you. However, King states that whatever affects one straight affects all indirectly.

This also suggests that even today there ought to be a sharing ot sentiments since as King looks, we are incorporated a single garment ot fate Concern number 4 asks what are the four basic Steps Of any nonviolent campaign. Step one is the collection of the realities to figure out whether oppressions xist. Step 2 is settlement. Step 3 is self-purification, and step four is direct action. For question number 4 King explains 2 kinds of law; just and unjustified. How does he specify each? King explains just laws as, laws that people not only haue a legal responsibilityro obey, but they likewise have an ethical responsibiliry to obey.

A simply law is a manufactured rode that squares with the moral law or the law of God. Any law that uplifts human character is simply. King describes an unjust law as one that people have an ethical duty to disobey. King advises that he concurs with St. Augustine in that an unjustified law is no law at all. An unfair law is a human law that is not rooted in ethical law and natural law Any law that breaks down human personality is unfair King even more stares that all segregation statures are unjust since segregation misshapes the soul and damages the character.

Partition gives the segregator an incorrect sense of supremacy and the segregated an incorrect sense of inability. Concern number 5 asked why do residents select to be silent about a law they may discover unfair. King refers to these people as moderates who are more evoted to order them to justice. They choose an unfavorable piece, which is the absence of tension to a favorable peace, which is the existence of justice. According to King they will say “l agree with you in the goal you seek. however can not agree with your method of direct action. Question number six states, King explains a negative peace; what does he suggest by this? According to King an unfavorable peace is a scenario, in which the Negro passively accepted his unfair predicament. Question number seven ask, what does King mean by positive nonviolent stress and how does he specify the objective? According to King constructive nonviolent tension is a direct action that looks for to create such a crisis and foster such a tension that a neighborhood which has constantly declined to negotiate is required to confront the concern.

Useful nonviolent stress seeks to dramatize the problem so that the issue can no longer be disregarded. Question number 8 asks us to utilize the four basic steps of a nonviolent project and state the examples from Birmingham. ACTION 1: Collection of the facts: Birmingham is the most highly segregated city in the United States, Birmingham’s routine brutality is extensively knowm Negros in Birmingham experienced grossly unjustified treatment in the courts. There are more unsolved battles of houses and churches in Birmingham than in any other city in the country.

Settlements: * Negro leaders looked for to work out with city daddies however the latter consistently declined to engage in good-faith negotiations. In September when the chance to come talk with Birmingham’s economic recreation center, promises were made by the merchants the Negroes wound up being the victims of broken guarantees. * As with many past experiences the hopes of the Negroes had actually been blasted. Self-purification: Negroes uuere supplied a series of workshops on nonviolence. * They repeatedly asked themselves” are you able to accept blouus without retaliating? They asked themselves, “Are you able to sustain the experience of prison?” Direct action: * Withstood post ponement after postponement. Sit-ins, marches, and so forth … In conclusion we are still following these practices today there is the example of the Jena 6 and the million Male March on Washington. There are numerous other examples that I do not have the chance to point out here. think Kings nonviolent campaigns ought to be followed rather of utilizing violence to ry to change laws or deal with any dispute.

Nonviolence must be the norm so that individuals can coexist quietly and justice can be served for all. In all circumstances the realities must be collected before any plan ot action is put into place, [I Schultz, Mary. Color Coded Rhetorical Analysis of Letter from Birmingham Jail, (accessed’ April 26, 2013) Schultz, Mam Color Coded Rhetorical Analysis of Letter from Birmingham Jail, (accessed: April 26, 2013) Schultz, Mary. Color Coded Rhetorical Analysis (41. “Response to “the Letter from Birmingham jail”. Anti Essays. 23 Apr., 2013

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