Letter from Birmingham Jail Rhetorical Analysis- Martin Luth
Gurpreet Singh 10-01-10 Mr. BaldwinE5X-02 Martin Luther King, Jr. Analytical Essay Violence, force, bribery. These are simply the few of the many methods figures all throughout history have concerned execute their concepts to name a few. Whether it be through force or reasoning, there requires to be some form for persuasion to pass of your claim. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., promoter of social justice, used rhetorical techniques to persuade his challengers of his claims. When Dr. King received a letter from eight Alabama clergy men, attacking his works for civil ights, he composed back to them utilizing the rhetorical methods of pathos, principles, and logo designs. Dr. King is without a doubt a master of rhetoric, as is excellent through his expert use of pathos, principles, and logo designs. Dr. King uses pathos to make the readers feel considerate towards the oppression him and his fellow black neighbors deal with every day. In his letter, Dr. King makes an exceptionally emotional and strength when he goes over the hardships segregation has given his community, when he says, When you all of a sudden discover your tongue twisted and your speech stammering as you seek to describe to your six years of age daughter why she can’t go to the general public theme park that has actually just been marketed on television, and see tears welling up in her eyes when she is told that Funtown is closed to colored kids. (?? 14) This piece of the letter is certainly the most influential one, attracting the readers feelings. Dr. King does an exceptional job in providing an insight to the reader and audience of veryday African American life. By utilizing the example of his daughter crying since she is not allowed into Funtown due to the fact that of the color of her skin, it makes the audience feel that it is their own fault that she is crying, sending off a sense of remorse. This sensation of remorse is in turn used by Dr. King as a genuine reason to discourage segregation. King later estimates his own five years of age son, “Daddy, why do white individuals deal with colored people so indicate?” (?? 14) This quote is rather humiliating, in the sense that the feelings of segregation are so strong, that even a 5 year ld is wondering what makes him so various from his neighbors, and why him, his household, and his community are mistreated. This affects the audience due to the fact that it makes them feel ashamed for how needlessly far they have actually taken partition. Martin Luther King, Jr. meant to develop a feeling of proximity and compassion for the civil liberties cause, which he did with fantastic success utilizing his mastery of pathos. Dr. King’s understanding of moral law and ethical reasoning makes his arguments really strong through his use of values. One of the ways Dr.
King utilizes ethos to reinforce his argument against the Alabama clergy is when he describes the bible, he states, … Simply as the Apostle Paul left his town of Tarsus and carried the gospel of Jesus Christ to the far corners of the Greco Roman world, so am I obliged to bring the gospel of freedom beyond my own house town. Like Paul, I should continuously respond to the Macedonian call for help. (?? 3) Knowing that his audience is highly pious, Dr. King uses a reference to the Apostle Paul, to frown at a respectable argument to them, utilizing a rhetorical device referred to as appeal to authority. Apostle Paul played an essential role in spreading the word of Jesus, which is an act of holiness, and Dr. King compares his objective of spreading the word of morality and equality among blacks and whites to it. He suggests he has the support of God to wage his war versus oppression, and this removes any prospective condescendence between him and his audience. Dr. King begins to refer to minutes in history where acts of civil disobedience were just acts for the pursuit of flexibility.
He says, We ought to always remember that everything Adolf Hitler did in Germany was “legal” and everything the Hungarian flexibility fighters did in Hungary was “prohibited.” It was “unlawful” to help and comfort a Jew in Hitler’s Germany.” Dr. King likewise states, “In our own nation, the Boston Tea ceremony represented a massive act of civil disobedience. (?? 21-22) Dr. King’s sarcasm made his point a whole lot more practical. He controls the language, saying hat the white community says his actions for the requirement of civil rights are not as sensible and ethical as the independence of the thirteen nests or the suppression of the Nazi anti- Semitism. Dr. King knowingly picks these 2 occasions due to the fact that they interest the ethical aspects of his arguments. Anti-Semitism is highly immoral and although it was legal, should it be kept? And although it was considered civil disobedience to trash and attack British trade ships, was it wrong for the colonists to require freedom? Dr. King changes the audience’s erspective towards the black neighborhood and his objective of attaining civil liberties equality quite effectively utilizing values. Through his vast understanding and expertise of logo designs, Dr. King shows his proficiency of the rhetoric classification of reasoning. All throughout his letter, King uses thinking, distinction, and rational development to legitimize his argument. The most excellent use of logo designs in King’s letter was when he stated, Now, what is the distinction in between the 2? How does one determine whether a law is just or unfair?
A simply law is a man made code that squares with the moral law or the law of God. An unfair law is a code that is out of consistency with the ethical law. To put it in the regards to St. Thomas Aquinas: An unfair law is a human law that is not rooted in eternal law and natural law. Any law that boosts human character is just. Any law that degrades human character is unjustified. All partition statutes are unjust since partition distorts the soul and harms the personality.
It provides the segregator a false sense of supremacy and the segregated an incorrect sense of inability. Segregation, to use the terminology of the Jewish thinker Martin Buber, replaces an “I it” relationship for an “I thou” relationship and ends up relegating persons to the status of things. For this reason partition is not only politically, financially and sociologically unsound, it is morally incorrect and wicked. Paul Tillich has actually said that sin is separation.
Is not segregation an existential expression of man’s terrible separation, his awful estrangement, his horrible sinfulness? (?? 16) In this excerpt, Dr. King addresses several fields of knowledge to make the difference in between an unjust and just law. Through his excellent understanding of religious beliefs, King argues that any law that remains in accordance to the law of God is just. He also uses an interest authority when he recommendations to St. Thomas Aquinas, utilizing his meaning of unjust and just laws to support his distinction. He uses his understanding of principles, pointing out that unjustified laws deteriorate human ersonality, and makes the rational connection that all partition laws are unjust because they all deteriorate human character. Again, he uses an interest authority referring to the Jewish theorist Martin Buber, defining Martin Buber’s idea of partition and concluding that partition is not only wrong in the sense of politics, economics, and sociologic, however it also is ethically inaccurate. Using Paul Tillich’s concept that separation is sin, Dr. King concludes that segregation is dreadful sinfulness. Making these genius logical connections in between ethics, religious beliefs, and thinking, Dr.
King is undoubtedly a master of logo designs. It is clear that Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. is among the most prominent individuals when it comes to social justice. He did not tolerate any oppression towards anybody. He was an effectively educated guy, and his education came into play in his incredibly convincing writing. Initially, he appeals to his own track record and knowledge. Second, he tries to arouse feelings or sympathy in the readers. Finally, he appeals to logic, supported with proof and citations from prominent thinkers. This makes it obvious that Dr. King is a master of rhetoric.