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Literary Anlysis of Jane Eyre – Victorian Era


Many styles, styles, categories, and modes of Victorian Literature are reflected in the works of the Bronte Sisters’, specifically that of Jane Eyre. Typical styles of victorian literature are shown Jane Eyre. Food was a reoccurring theme of throughout many Victorian novels since of the hunger that lots of people dealt with in this time period.

This theme is shown in the vibrant description of under nourishment at Lowood School in Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre. Another typical theme was women’s morality and sensuality.

Before the publication of Jane Eyre, females were simple and real under the expectations of society, the “spouse and mom from whom all morality sprang” (Lowes). After this book was published, the “new female” became primary who was based off the primary character, Jane, who was independent, strong, forward, and radical in the sense of marriage and contraception opinions. The theme of sex scandal accompanies women’s morality and sensuality due to the fact that it, also, went against the previous conservative social expectations and beliefs for ladies. This style began to become common in victorian literature.

An example of sex scandal is in Jane Eyre when Jane got included with Rochester, her wealthy manager, and wound up marrying him. Jane Eyre is composed in first-person from the point of view of Jane. The category of Jane Eyre can be categorized as various types; Love, Secret, and Gothic Fiction. It can be considered a timeless romantic novel since of the passionate relationship that Jane and Rochester form. It is a mystery in the sense that throughout the book, Jane thinks something about Rochester and his previous based upon the incident of Grace Swimming pool accidently setting his bed on fire in an intoxicated state and not getting fired for it.

She then finds the secret of his past that he has an other half, Bertha, who has one mad and was the one who set his bed on fire. It is thought about Gothic Fiction due to the fact that of the supernatural and fantasy aspects that Charlotte Bronte includes (http://www. shmoop. com/jane-eyre/literary-devices. html) Through Charlotte’s special writing style, she incorporates “dream components in Jane Eyre through references to fairy tales, prophetic dreams, mythic images, and remarkable plot twists,” (Shwingen).

An example of the mythic images is revealed through Charlotte’s emphasis on the image of passion. Jane was always a passionate and psychological character because she was a kid. Charlotte discusses Jane after her cousin hits her with the book, “my blood was still warm; the mood of the revolted slave was still bracing me with its bitter vigor.” The image of her warm blood and her extreme anger compared to that of a revolted servant shows Jane’s excellent emotion even as a kid.

This image is stressed through images when Charlotte writes of Jane’s feelings for Rochester as “intense iron” and “blackness and burning”. These metaphorical images of a fire represent to the reader the intense passion that Jane has for Rochester. Fire is another image that Charlotte writes about throughout the novel; “in the bed room blaze which Jane conserved Rochester from, in the language that both Rochester and Jane use in describing their emotions towards each other, and in the final fire that damaged Thornfield Hall, crippled Rochester, and killed Bertha,” (Vaughon).

In Vaughon’s opinion, this imagery of fire and passion was Charlotte’s way of stressing the unethical and sinful love that Jane and Rochester showed each other based on the fire of hell. As stated in the past, in Victorian times, this relationship would be considered outrageous not just based upon the difference in their classes, but also since they believed in purity. Charlotte breaks the traditional beliefs with her imagery of enthusiasm and desire in between Jane and Rochester. Charlotte’s writing design is normally informed, complex, and emotion filled.

The majority of her sentences are contain various adjectives and sensuous images. Her unique design may be frustrating for some readers, but it’s powerful and strong. The reader has the ability to identify with Jane Eyre as a character through the complicated syntax that is filled with emotion and images. (http://reviewmaterials. tripod. com/english/jane _ eyre. html) According to George P. Landow, Jane Eyre is divided into five distinct settings. The story starts when Jane is a kid living in her relative’s, the Reed’s, home in Gateshead Hall.

Then she is sent to Lowood school and has numerous experiences there with Miss. Temple, Helen Burns, and Mr. Brocklehurst. After 8 years in boarding school, she lives at Thornfield as a governess to Adele. This is where she falls in love with her boss, Rochester. Then she moves out after he discovery of Bertha, Rochester’s mad partner. She is then taken into the Moor Home by her cousins, the Rivers. In the end, she is reunited with Rochester at the Ferndean Manor. Each setting of the book has it’s own unique mood in strong relation to the characters present at each location. For instance, Robert B.

Martin points out that the setting of Thornfield is a lot more individual than the two preceding settings at Gateshead and Lowood because of the connection Jane makes to Rochester and the connection Rochester has to Thornfield (George P. Landow). In chapter 11, Mrs. Fairfax first makes mention to Rochester when she states, “Terrific houses and fine premises need the existence of the proprietor”. Since Mrs. Fairfax said this, Jane felt as though it was not alive unless Rochester existed which is strongly linked to how Jane felt lonely and down because when he was not there.

This connection in between character and setting shows the intricate mood of Thornfield depending upon whether Rochester exists or not. When he is away on a trip, the mood is somber and desolate due to the fact that the reader can understand and feel the yearning that Jane has for Rochester and the loneliness she feels in the big, empty home. When he exists, the mood changes to exciting and intimate due to the fact that of the strong feelings that Jane has toward him and the spiritedness that she connects with your house. Charlotte Bronte does an excellent task with reflecting the characters in Jane Eyre to the reader through her writing.

One really unique and interesting character is Bertha, Rochester’s insane better half. The Victorians during the 19th century had a fascination with health, often greater than that of politics, religion, and Darwinism. They thought “an interdependent mind-body connection acquired strength, and lots of people saw physical and psychological health as being related instead of different entities,” (Sonja Mayer). According to Mayer, these attitudes of the time are reflected in Bertha’s character through her mental illness and the physical hazard she puts on Rochester.

Compared to Jane, Bertha is her opposite and represented to the reader as a monster. Rochester “describes her as having ‘red balls’ for eyes, a ‘mask’ rather of a face, and ‘bulk’ rather of an attractive type like Jane,” (Sonja Mayer). Jane is strong in body and mind. She endured the unhealthy conditions at Lowood where numerous trainees had actually died and survived through cold and cravings when she had ran away from Thornfield and lived outdoors. Her psychological strength is revealed through her guts as a child with her evil aunt, bullying cousin, and hypocritical head master.

She remained true to herself and encouraged to be effective as a lady in this time regardless of the difficult situations these individuals had developed for her. On the other hand, Bertha is depicted by Rochester as having “freaked”. The Victorians would view this as a lack of psychological strength. She, likewise, presents a danger to Rochester physically by her acts such as setting his bed on fire while he was sleeping, lunging at him and Jane in the room, and really being successful in burning down the house at the end of the book. Rochester is depicted as the perfect hero of the Victorian times.

He is very romantic and lovely which adds to the gothic design of this novel (Lowes). In spite of his appeal, there was much debate over Rochester’s character in Victorian times. English law at the time stated that a guy whose wife became ridiculous could not get a divorce. To handle his issue, he put his wife into confinement, locked in a space with a servant to care for her. He then continued to practically partake in bigamy by weding Jane. Many Victorians of the time questioned why Jane would ever go back to such a guy. (http://reviewmaterials. tripod. om/english/jane _ eyre. html) The character of Jane isn’t the standard heroine of the time. In many romantic books of the Victorian age, the heroine was gorgeous. Jane is described by Charlotte as “basic and plain”. She likewise differs from the standard heroine in her strength as a woman. Charlotte created a woman character that amounted to the male character. Jane is not equivalent in status or class, however in emotional strength and maturity. This broke society’s beliefs of the time because Victorians generally believed that ladies were not efficient in strong.

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