Marxism and Brave New World
In the story “Brave New World” by Aldous Huxley, one can see that the author really wants his readers to analyze the book via the subsets of Marxism. The primarily reasoning of the text lending itself to a Marxist analysis originates from the significance portrayed by the surname of the primary character in the book. Bernard Marx appears to be such an unique and peculiar name that one can with certainty assume that there need to be thinking for it, especially considering the context of this novel.
In the first few introductions to Bernard, he tells his distaste towards his fellow associates for “discussing Lenina as though she were a bit of meat. Have her here, have her there. Like mutton. Degrading her to so much mutton” (Huxley 39). In the mind of Bernard, his coworkers do not treat Lenina as an equivalent person who comes from the very same and equal faction as his coworkers. Instead, through the eyes of Bernard she is seen just as ‘breaking down’ meat. Bernard’s hatred towards this topic exhibits possibly the similarities in between the ideas of Karl Marx and Bernard.
From this, one can easily anticipate that Bernard Marx will play a critical role that possibly shadows the thoughts of the real Karl Marx in around the duration of Huxley’s era. One can even tackle stating that perhaps the vast appeal of Marxism at the time of this book’s publication posed a direct influence on Huxley’s perception of society, which he then used to the story. Rather paradoxically however, in the future in the book while Bernard enjoys the clear ocean, “it makes him feel as though he was more him … More on [his] own, not so entirely a part of something else.
Not just a cell in the social body” (Huxley 78). In these more updated and comprehensive thoughts of Bernard Marx, one can understand that his aversion towards the cumulative society of the World State shatters the previous anticipations about him. Where Karl Marx would have appreciated this specific unity of the World State, Bernard hates it. It can be argued that Huxley depicted this unique irony for humor to reveal his revulsion towards the design of Marxism as he was an Englishman himself living in such a heavily Capitalist country as England.
Maybe being a capitalist, Huxley wanted to make his audience understand that the promoted Marxist method alone might not potentially lead to a Utopian civilization, and therefore customized his society in the novel appropriately. Such a thought lead to the presence of both pro- and anti-Marxist perfects within the World State all throughout the novel. The world of the novel emerge with professional Marxist ideologies mostly in accordance to the basic psychology of the World State itself: “Everyone comes from everyone else” (Huxley 34).
There is no individualization worldwide State, and everybody achieves jobs only for society and individuals around them. On the contrary, Huxley also employs making use of anti-Marxist perfects within the text by designating talks of incorrect consciousness of the occupants of the World State in addition to the existence of a caste system: “Alpha kids wear grey. They work much harder than we do due to the fact that they’re so frightfully clever … I’m actually terribly delighted I’m a Beta, because I don’t work so hard” (Huxley 22).
The social groups below the upper caste have no issue with being less important in society. Through hereditary and cultural conditioning they think that they are perfectly happy where they are. Epsilons, Deltas, and even Beta’s are marginalized compared to the Alphas, yet are fine with having a lower cast allotment. Hence, the continuous transformations of the unique going into pro and anti-Marxist modes of ideologies may show that the text lends itself to an analysis correlating around Marxism in basic.