“The men in the book are all repressive patriarchs. For them, male supremacy needs to be outright.” In the light of this remark, go over Bronte’s presentation of male characters in ‘Jane Eyre’.
Throughout the novel of Jane Eyre, there appears to be a sound judgment of patriarchal supremacy, as possessed by the male characters. Bronte shows male supremacy through four crucial characters that Jane encounters throughout her life. Each character differs hugely, though this sense of a greater and more effective individual, over Jane, stays common in each– they are all repressive patriarchs in some method, though of varying magnitudes.
The Victorian society was an entirely various society to the one we live in now and it was well-known to be male-dominated and one in which ladies had nearly no rights at all. The truth that Bronte composed Jane Eyre during this duration in time is plainly reflected in the male characters in the book. It is evident that Bronte herself may have experienced or been put in a few of the scenarios that she represents Jane to be in by some oppressive male character in her own life.
Nevertheless, it is seen that these characters do alter as the unique progresses as Bronte appears to give them a possibility to withdraw themselves as a repressive force, and show a little more factor to consider and compassion towards others and ladies in particular. John Reed is the very first of Bronte’s repressive patriarchs in the book. He is positioned at the beginning of the unique and is introduced to us nearly immediately. He is in fact the very first oppressive force to Jane in her life and in this method is extremely significant.
Initially, John does not seem to be a substantial threat to Jane, simply branding her a “bad animal” and a “rat”. This juvenile name-calling behaviour, as expressed by John, is still overbearing in that he uses these names to assert a greater power over Jane, subsequent to pronouncing all the books in your home as his residential or commercial property. He reminds Jane that she is in an extremely precarious position in society and that she has no class due to the reality that she is dealing with them. She is classified as “less than a servant” according to him since she does “absolutely nothing for [her] keep”.
John taunts Jane declaring that she “should plead” to even live. He constantly reminds Jane that she is a “reliant”; rather suggesting that she depends on him due to the truth that he is the only male in the family, and therefore the master by birth. In addition, John requires obedience of Jane, despite the fact that he is just however 4 years older than her. He exercises what he feels is his power as a male over her physically, as can be seen when he hits Jane with a book as the “volume was flung”.
This physical abuse is indicative of Bronte expressing that John Reed thinks that male supremacy must be absolute. The consistency of his bullying as a demand for obedience of Jane, not “one or two times in a day, however continuously” is likewise particular of a repressive patriarch who would feel more safe in constant instead of routine abuse. John Reed’s look may even be said to be one of a common oppressive male character. Being “large and stout” with “heavy limbs and large extremities” suggest that he is rather a big young boy for his age and instantly an intimidating person.
His actions towards Jane are also somewhat animalistic such as “thrusting out his tongue at [her] as far as he might without damaging the roots”, suggesting his belief in a primal sense of alpha male dominance over a shrewdness of apes. He is rather grotesque as well and he does not simply exert his power over Jane, but he “twisted the necks of the pigeons, [and] eliminated the little pea-chicks.” It is clear that Bronte is incredibly disgusted with his way of delighting in animal ruthlessness as a way to show his masculinity.
John is also disagreeable towards his mom and acts without regard towards her, emphasising his belief that he is of a higher status than all women, not just Jane. He “called his mother ‘old lady’ too; sometimes reviled her for her dark skin, comparable to his own; candidly disregarded her desires, [and] not rarely tore and ruined her silk attire.” These aspects of John Reed, with no doubt, express Bronte’s strong feelings about the truth that all men believed that they were superior to a female. Her disapproval and abhorrence of male supremacy is clear. Mr Brocklehurst is the second torturing force that Jane is exposed to in her life.
He differs to John Reed in the reality that whilst John Reed is a form of physical injustice towards Jane, Brocklehurst is a kind of spiritual oppression. Nevertheless, both of the 2 characters are similar in look as can be seen by Bronte’s description of them, reinforcing this idea that male characters of oppression have a certain appearance to express their power. When Jane first satisfies Brocklehurst, the very first description she ever gives him is one with negative undertones– “a black pillar” that was “standing set up on the carpet; the grim face at the top resembled a carved mask, put above the shaft by method of capital. Immediately we are given the sense that he is an enforcing and unbending character who is simply plain frightening, particularly to a young Jane. Brocklehurst appears to be a gothic bad guy in a sense and as a “stony complete stranger”, the sibilance stresses the fact that he is incredibly unapproachable, hard and unforgiving. Bronte likewise provides Brocklehurst a “bass voice” which stresses his masculinity, in addition to large features that are “harsh and prim” to highlight his unyielding personality.
We quickly discover that Brocklehurst remains in fact a religious hypocrite who utilizes religious beliefs as a car for his repressive force that he exerts on the pupils at his school. However, we are not on very first introduction instantly revealed his hypocrisy by Bronte till a little later in the novel when Jane is at his school. Upon Jane and Brocklehurst’s very first meeting, he specifically asks Jane if she must like to “fall into that pit [loaded with fire] and be burning there for ever”. In an oppressive manner, Brocklehurst utilizes these implications of hell as such to frighten and horrify Jane into obedience.
If we read into Brocklehurst’s language, his hypocrisy is exposed to us. He mentions to Jane that she would burn in hell “for ever.” The truth that he says “for ever” is type in that he especially twists the Christian concepts. When he points out hell to Jane he ignores a key Christian idea that you may be conserved from hell in an effort to frighten her into submission. Brocklehurst does not know for a fact that Jane will go to hell, but he is threatening her with the concept of hell, as he does with all the ladies at Lowood School. Bronte composes the first conversation in between Brocklehurst in a manner that puts our sympathies, as a reader, with Jane. You should pray to God to alter it: to give you a brand-new and clean one: to take away your heart of stone and provide you a heart of flesh” was the recommendations provided to Jane by Brocklehurst– this is paradoxical in that Brocklehurst is described by Bronte as being “stony” himself, stressing Bronte’s effort to sway the audience’s viewpoints to side with Jane. At Lowood, Brocklehurst strongly preaches the concept that God wants women to dedicate themselves to domesticity in order to please Him. He mentions that “humbleness is a Christian grace and one peculiarly suitable to the pupils of Lowood” which he brings the women up in such a way so regarding cultivate this.
Brocklehurst reveals his own hypocrisy and efficiently shoots himself in the foot and shows that he plainly does not practice what he preaches with his own children when he informs the story of his daughter Augusta and her trip to Lowood. Augusta comments on “how quiet and plain all the ladies at Lowood appearance”, “nearly like bad individuals’s children”, in contrast to herself in a “silk dress.” Augusta and her sisters likewise in fact come to Lowood, as seen by Jane, in velour shawls, ostrich plume and such.
In this way, Bronte shows her belief that Brocklehurst is all that is wrong with the males of Victorian society in addition to a lot of the rich people who likewise mention that “consistency, is the first of Christian tasks”, without completely dedicating and believing in what they say themselves. Brocklehurst is in fact a very irregular person in his everyday life. Mr Brocklehurst is a representation of what Bronte thinks is incorrect with society and its males with concerns to spiritual oppression, as John Reed is a representation of her beliefs with regard to males in society with regards to physical injustice.
In a stark contrast to Mr Brocklehurst is St John Rivers, who is in truth a non-stereotypical patriarch. He is a contrast to Brocklehurst because he firmly does not think that ladies like Jane need to dedicate and devote themselves to domesticity however rather to God. Brocklehurst is likewise a hypocrite in this way as he ought to be preaching the idea of commitment to God however rather teaches his pupils to dedicate themselves to domesticity. Nevertheless, there are also some methods which St John is similar to Brocklehurst, and there is a key link between them in their ideologies.
St John has very consistent ideologies; nevertheless he is not a hypocrite, unlike Brocklehurst. It is essential to mention that St John is a visual model, a very troublesome one at that. He is continuously living for his suitables and with his perfectionist nature, these suitables are practically unattainable. He is deeply religious and self-sacrificing when it comes to fulfilling his religious responsibilities, and in this method, he tries powerfully to get Jane to adhere to his technique to life and to go to India with him.
To get her to come with him and wed him, he utilizes language such as “a part of me you need to become”, asserting his authority and power as a male over her. He seems to be compromising of both Jane’s happiness and health for others, however he uses this to himself too. St John attempts to dictate Jane’s life in that he apparently wants her to reject his job deal as a school girlfriend for village children. He desires her to hold this job for a while but not permanently as he thinks that she “can not be content to pass [her] leisure in privacy, and to commit [her] working hours to a boring labour” in a location where her abilities are made useless.
He acknowledges that Jane is predestined by God to do greater things, and though he may be incorrect, he appears to be hinting to her this truth which she is fit for a missionary’s partner, in what could be viewed as a passive overbearing act. St John is likewise deeply dissatisfied with the reality that all Jane appears to want is a delighted family life and would use all her money that she acquired to protect it. At Christmas, she is set on revelling in domesticity and St John is quite bothered and despairing of this and attempts to encourage her to become more like him, albeit in a repressive way. I excuse you for the present: two months’ grace I permit you for the complete satisfaction of your brand-new position”– in this authoritative language St John displays that he does not want Jane to stay the position that she is in and to “begin to look beyond Moor Home and Morton … and the selfish calm and sensuous convenience of civilised affluence.” He wants Jane to sacrifice herself to God and I believe that in this way St John is more harmful than Brocklehurst since he can is oppressive with reason, and he is not a hypocrite and willing to do all he preaches.
I have actually chosen to leave discussion of Mr Rochester to the end as I believe that he is by far the most complex of the male characters throughout the novel, due to the fact that he undergoes a modification in which he ends up being less of a repressive patriarch and for that reason a better husband for Jane. The character at the start of the novel is greatly various to the Rochester that we see at the end, in more ways than one. Nevertheless, the change in his overbearing nature towards Jane is particularly considerable. Jane did fulfill Rochester by possibility, however although he did not understand who she was, he was still oppressive and reliable towards her.
He commands her to lead him his horse and when she is unable, he mentions that “necessity compels [him] to make [her] beneficial”, laying a heavy hand on her shoulder which is a significant action that demonstrates his sense of authority. This attitude ends up being less apparent as he learns more about her though even more into their relationship, this dominant side of him reappears as he relatively tries to force her to stick with him, though deep down he understands he can not keep her. Jane feels that she is equal to Rochester as he is the very first male not to out rightly workout and require his patriarchal dominance over her.
Jane is comfy to speak out and offer her opinion directly, though this is just after he asks. She pointedly specifies that she does not believe that he has “a right to command [her] merely due to the fact that [he] is older that her” and in this method she has actually mentioned that the truth that he is male likewise does not play a part, though she does not in fact say this. However, as their relationship progresses, this equality is deformed and a few of it is lost as Rochester seemingly becomes more desperate to have Jane for himself. This steady boost in commands directed at Jane can be seen when Jane asks to leave him to see Mrs Reed.
He commands her to “assure [him] one thing”, that being “not to promote: and to trust this quest of a situation to me. I’ll discover you one in time.” His desperation for her to come back as soon as possible appears in the reality that he buys her not to promote so that she will absolutely come back to him. When Jane attempts to leave Rochester for excellent, upon learning that he does undoubtedly have a better half, in the type of Bertha Mason, Rochester threatens violence in order to get her to remain. He is desperate to get across her and to convince her to remain and it is fascinating that he appears to wish to turn to this.
The truth that he threatens this reveals us that he is at an end and this is what a male character would carry out in order to get someone to adhere to their wishes. Rochester is interesting because he does try to offer Jane a great deal of liberty as a female to do as she wishes, and is comfortable being an equivalent with her, but when it comes down to it, he always lastly resorts to his dominance as a male. Jane, however, does lastly go back to Rochester at the end of the book. She makes her method back to Thornfield only to find it burned to the ground and she looks for Rochester whom she finds handicapped following the great fire started by Bertha.
This loss of an arm and his sight his key to making Rochester an ideal other half for Jane. The disability indicates that Rochester is now physically an equivalent to Jane, and does not have to suppress his viewpoints and will never ever have the opportunity to be dominant over her anymore. Prior to he was handicapped, Rochester never ever exercised his power over Jane, out of option, this impairment indicates that even if he desired and chose to utilise his male supremacy over her, he can not. The truth that Bronte decides to take away from Rochester so that he becomes less oppressive is interesting.
She seems to be giving Jane a chance to have power in the Victorian society that she lives in, possibly showing a wish for herself as a female. Not all the male characters of Jane Eyre are constantly patriarchal and some, like Rochester, select not to exercise their power over the lady. It is essential to note that all the characters do it in various ways: physical, spiritual and only in desperation. However, the upsetting reality that Bronte is trying to reveal is that the majority of the guys in society do believe in absolute male supremacy.
Nevertheless, she does offer the example of Mrs Reed as a female oppressor who requires submission of Jane as a kid, and took revenge when not followed. I believe that Bronte desired the male characters to be a strong repressive force so as to show her feelings of society and the imbalance between the males and females. It is possible that Bronte was attempting to send a message to society through this novel in an effort to provoke a modification in society, which would have been consulted with conflict from male readers and contract from a female audience.