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Salem Witch Trial and the Crucible

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The Salem Witch trials triggered a lot of hysteria in history, throughout 1692. The town of Salem lies in Massachusetts. The hysteria was drawn from the beliefs of witches, witchcraft and black magic.

The subjects of witches, witchcraft and black magic have actually been questioned for numerous centuries. These concerns have been dated all the method back to B. C. times. There have been works in The Bible about individuals stating that others have been seen performing witchcraft and require being conserved by God.

There has actually been suspicion of witchcraft with the Egyptians, Native Americans, the Elizabethan Age, and Medieval times. Witchcraft and black magic can be explained and seen in 2 methods. Initially, it can be considered as a religious beliefs of the ancient and conventional praises of the womanly, earthly, and remarkable aspects of God which is thought about a heresy. Second of all, it breaks the beliefs of the Christian Church. Witches and witchcraft are considered evil and are viewed as making pacts, offers or connections with the Devil. It is not a coincidence that the very first official witch trial happened in Massachusetts.

A witch trial is when a person is accused of being a witch; they will then need to go to court to be affirmed to be seen guilty or innocent by a judge. This very first witch trial occurred in 1648, to a female named Margaret Jones. The man who accused her was John Winthrop. He was guv of the Massachusetts Bay Colony at the time. His factor for implicating Margaret of being a witch was since anybody who touched Margaret was taken with deafness, throwing up, sickness or discomforts. She was seen practicing physics, which women were not allowed to be discovering at the time.

Also, anyone who she tried to help worsened and she predicted events that became a reality. The primary reason why Winthrop accused her was due to the fact that he was getting questioned about his authority by Margaret. Given that she was a lady and was questioning him, he believed the best way to eliminate her was to send her to jail for being a “witch”. This ended up being a common act used amongst lots of people in Salem to send out the ones they hate to jail and even to death. The town of Salem is very small. Info and reports can be spread out around extremely quickly. This became a main aspect of how hysteria began.

There was a Native American who was a servant to the Parris household, her name was Tituba. She quickly began to create a chain referred to as Tituba’s Circle. This circle was her way of spreading stories about the supernatural. She would carry out and teach tricks, spells, voodoo and chants to young Puritan ladies. In the Puritan religious beliefs it is prohibited to ever be practicing witchcraft. Two ladies who were in this chain were Betty Parris, nine years of ages, and Abigail Williams, eleven years old.

Abigail was Betty’s cousin and Tituba was Betty’s slave. The 2 ladies suddenly started revealing odd check in their behaviors. 1) agonizing sensations of “puncturing” or “pinching” (as by numberless pins and nails), also of “burning” (by undetectable flames); (2 )bizarre contortions of body parts: twisting, stretching, typical postures of severe rigidness and limberness by turns; (3) frenzied motor activity: rolling on the ground, running about aimlessly, simulated “flying” and “diving”; occasional “barking” or other animal replica; some impulse to injury or self or others; (4) periods of extreme immobility, totaling up to paralysis; feelings of remarkable pressure on the chest; (5) anorexia: basically total inhibitions of consuming; (6) periodic forced consumption of undetectable liquids when overpowered by the witch; (7) “frolicsome” periods, mostly without discomfort; cavorting in a “ludicrous” method, babbling impertinent nonsense; insults and gestures of physical assault towards spectators, friends, and household(Rice, 24)

These conditions were hardly ever seen by physicians. There were no medications to treat their behaviors, so they were identified with witchcraft. They were thought to be under the hands of the devil. The ladies got long periods of total silence, lasting hours or days, to relax the girls down.

Now a day with the knowledge of medical professionals, these behaviors can be diagnosed as stress and anxiety and can possibly be caused by being sexually abused or beaten. Discrimination played a huge part in the Salem Witch Trials. A lot of allegations were made upon old females. Betty and Abigail called upon two women, Sarah Good and Sarah Osborne to be witches. They said that they were seen to be in business with the devil and were sending their spirits to injure them. The town thought them due to the fact that Sarah Good was 39 however looked the age of 70. She had long gray hair, a scratchy voice, winkled face and was seen smoking a pipe a lot. She was wed two times, her first partner died and her 2nd hubby ended up being poor after their marriage. The town’s individuals thought she caused both of her marriages to stop working.

Sarah Osborne was 69, widowed and had actually not been to the Puritan church for 3 years. The first execution in Salem was to a female of 71, Rebecca Nurse. She was a well-respected lady in the town and was also a dedicated member of the Puritan church. She had actually acquired land from the Putnam family, however a rival over its ownership started to occur. Ann Putnam implicated Rebecca of being a witch out of spite to get her family’s land back. This led Rebecca to be prosecuted. In the beginning, she was proven innocent, however then Ann Putnam said that Rebecca tried again to send her spirit out. This time Rebecca was found guilty. On July 19th she was hung. The people in the town were overcoming paranoid. People were accusing others left and right.

If somebody was seen either mumbling to themselves, having an eccentric behavior, having a dispute with the Parris household, not going to church, going to a different church, speaking a various language, having connections to the previous Indian war, or revealing support for a recently implicated witch then they were now being accused of witchcraft. Nineteen individuals were accused of witchcraft and were hung. They were hung at Gallows Hill from the month of June to August. A few of the methods individuals would attempt to get out of death for being accused as a witch were to flee Salem, implicate somebody else, attempt to get pregnant or fake a pregnancy, admit even if innocent, plead innocent at trial or refuse to stand for a trial.

Getting pregnant or faking a pregnancy would provide somebody a year to live to have the infant and hope that the hysteria would be over. The confession of being a witch even if innocent actually didn’t cause death, just being sentenced to life in prison. The advocate innocence would be to hope that the judge would see you innocent. Out of the nineteen people hung, 5 of them were males. George Burroughs, John Willard, George Jacobs, John Proctor and Giles Corey were all founded guilty. The court was also leaving hand and having inappropriate habits. The guys didn’t have the suspicion of being witches, like the lady. They went against the court to try and prove innocence for the implicated and since of that they were founded guilty.

Lastly on October 3rd, Guv Phipps in a sermon to other ministers, showed proof that the witch trials ought to end. The court was liquified and was not permitted to have anymore witch trials. Residential or commercial property of the accused was given back. Those who were currently condemned were pardoned. The staying implicated were tried and then found innocent. In Arthur Miller’s play The Crucible, there are many resemblances to the Salem Witch Trials. The play is based upon individuals and the occasions of the Salem Witch Trials. The play demonstrates how the town’s individuals were getting consumed by the thought of witchcraft. It shows how people were going behind each other’s backs to get revenge.

It also demonstrates how individuals acted in the court. Given that The Crucible is a drama there are some parts that are not real. There was no occurrence where an entire lot of girls were dancing in the woods. Abigail was not seventeen and did not have an affair with John Proctor. In conclusion, the hysteria throughout the Salem Witch Trials resulted in nineteen deaths. The desire for revenge went to an extreme. Lots of innocent people were founded guilty without being properly heard, and their deaths came too soon. The Salem Witch Trials will never be forgotten or go undetected. They will forever be a suggestion that nobody will ever pass away again founded guilty as a witch in the United States.

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