Seao– the Iliad
The Iliad SEAO I. Homer and Robert Fagles. The Iliad. New York City, N. Y.: Penguin, 1990. Print. A. The title relates to the story essentially, because the word “Iliad” indicates “poem about ilium”, and ilium is an alternative name for Troy which is where the Iliad happened. II. POV A. The tale is told in third person omniscient since he has access to every personality’s mind and he often offers understanding right into the thoughts as well as feelings of even small personalities, gods and people alike. The narrator likewise requests the assistance of the muse of legendary poetry to assist him inform the tale.
B. The narrator is unreliable because we do not also know if he really existed. III. Setting A. The Iliad takes place around the twelfth or thirteenth century B. C as well as it starts 9 years after the begin of the Trojan War. The Iliad happens at Troy and kingdoms of Greece. IV. Characters A. The protagonist is Achilles. Achilles is a vibrant and also round character. Achilles is the son of Peleus as well as Thetis, grandson of Aeacus, commander of the Myrmidons, Achaean allies. B. The antagonists are fate/destiny, Hector, and the treatment of the gods.
Achilles’ fate was to die, if he battled the Trojans. Hector eliminated Patroclus (Achilles’ friend) which brought Achilles right into the war, and he cursed Achilles prior to passing away. The treatment of the gods quite triggered the war and also all of its mayhem. C. Aphrodite- goddess of love, child of Zeus and Dione, mommy of Aeneas. Sides with Trojans. D. Beauty- god, boy of Zeus as well as Leto, twin of Artemis, a client of the arts, specifically music and also verse. Additionally an archer-“lord of the silver bow”-and a prophet with a renowned oracular shrine at Delphi, in main Greece.
The principal divine champion of the Trojans. E. Ares- god of battle, son of Zeus as well as Hera, one the Trojan’s primary protectors. F. Artemis- goddess of the hunt, daughter of Zeus and Leto, sibling of Beauty. G. Athena- or Pallas Athena, goddess, also called Tritogenia or Third-born of the Gods, daughter of Zeus, and also protector of the Achaeans. A client of human resourcefulness and ingenuity, whether exemplified by handicrafts, such as rotating, or by skill in human relationships, such as that possessed by Odysseus, her fave among the Greeks. Zeus’s favored little girl.
Sides with Achaeans. H. Hera- siren, little girl of Cronus and Rhea, other half as well as sibling of Zeus, defender of the Achaeans I. Thetis- sea- goddess, child of Nereus, wed to Peleus and by him the mother of Achilles J. Zeus- king of the gods, child of Cronus and also Rhea, bro and husband of Hera, papa of the Olympians as well as many mortals also. His rounds consist of the skies and also the weather, hospitality and also the rights of guests, the punishment of injustice, the sending of omens, as well as the administration of the universe, regulated somewhat by Fate too.
Aids the Trojans. K. Poseidon- god of the sea, kid of Cronus and Rhea, younger sibling of Zeus. Switches in between Acheans and also Trojans. L. Agamemnon- Achaean, king of Mycenae, boy of Atreus, hubby of Clytemnestra, sibling of Menelaus, supreme commander of all Achaea’s militaries as well as leader of the largest Achaean section. M. Ajax- Achaean, son of Telamon, Telamonian or Great Ajax, leader of the section from Salamis N. Calchas- prophet of the Achaeans, child of Thestor O. Diomedes- Achaean, son of Tydeus, king of Argos P.
Helen- daughter of Zeus, spouse of Menelaus, consort of Paris, her abduction by him from Sparta the root cause of the Trojan Battle Q. Menelaus- Achaean, kid of Atreaus, king of Lacedaemon, sibling of Agamemnon, hubby of Helen R. Nestor- Achaean, child of Neleus, king of the Pylians, father of Antilochus and also Thrasymedes, the earliest of the Achaean chieftains S. Odysseus- Achaean, kid of Laertes, dad of Telemachus, warlord of Ithaca and the surrounding islands T. Patroclus- Achaean, son of Menoetius, brother-in-arms of Achilles, killed by Hector U.
Phoenix- son of Amyntor, tutor as well as pal of Achilles V. Priam- king of Troy, kid of Laomedon of the line of Dardanus. Father of Hector and also Paris W. Paris- Trojan, son of Priam as well as Hecuba, that abducted Helen from Menelaus in Lacedaemon X. Hector- Trojan, boy of Priam and Hecuba, superior commander of the Trojans Y. Chryseis- little girl of Chryses, captive of Agamemnon Z. Chryses- clergyman of Apollo, dad of Chryseis AA. Briseis- little girl of Briseus, captive of Achilles BB. * Aeneas- Trojan, boy of Anchises as well as Aphrodite, leader of the Dardanians and also the future king of the Trojans CC. Andromache- little girl of Eetion, wife of Hector V. Conflicts A. The main dispute is that Agamemnon’s need for Achilles’ battle prize, the maiden Briseis, infuriates Achilles creating him to refuse to combat, which creates the Achaeans to suffer greatly in their battle versus the Trojans. B. The internal problem is Achilles’ satisfaction and also honor which is trashed when Agamemnon takes Achilles’ prize. C. The external conflict would certainly be Achilles’ death. VI. Plot A. Exposition: The exposition of the Iliad is the debate between Achilles and also Agamemnon and also Achilles withdrawal from the battle. B.
Rising Action: The rising action is Hector’s attack on the Achaean ships which the return of Patroclus to fight and also his death, which will bring about Achilles’ return. C. Orgasm: The orgasm of the Iliad is Achilles’ return to war, which transforms the trend against the Trojans and makes sure the fated loss of Troy to which the narrator has actually pointed out throughout the rhyme. D. dropping activity: The falling action is the retreat of the Trojan military; Achilles’ vengeance on Hector; the Achaeans’ desecration of Hector’s corpse. VII. Motifs A. Themes in the Iliad would certainly be: Wrath, Friendships, Pride, and also fate. B.
Evidence of these themes would certainly be Achilles because he is full of rage and also pride which leads him to make stupid options. Friendship is revealed between Patroclus as well as Achilles’ since that relationship leads Achilles to return to battle and also retaliate Patroclus’ death. Fate is shown throughout the book with numerous characters that are destined to die at some time, during the war. C. Some symbols include: 1. Women as rewards: This symbolizes the men’s satisfaction as well as honor. 2. Achilles’ guard: An alternative to war. 3. Achaean ships: the future of the Greek race. 4. Gods: help 5. Desires: revelations