Among Faulkner’s most well-known narrative, A Rose for Emily is based upon the style of the plain dispute between the specific and the impersonal voice of the neighborhood. To emphasize this concept, the story is rendered through the collective point of view of the neighborhood that includes Miss Emily.
Not inadvertently, the plot of the story is embeded in a small town, where the relationship between the specific and the society is a really tight one.
Furthermore, the storyteller of the story finds himself or herself among individuals in the town and even speaks in the first individual plural, keeping for that reason a collective view of the occasions.
The heroine of the story appears for that reason much more particular and isolated, when related to through the analytical lens of the neighborhood. The complex relationship between the individual, Emily Grierson, and the society, is highlighted in numerous ways.
This dispute arises because Emily, a stylish female of a high social standing, turns down all the social standards and conventions and enshrouds herself in her own dreams and fascinations rather of actively participating in the social life.
The psychotic mind of the main character is for that reason opposed to the gossiping community, which is restricted to the role of a witness in this story. The reason for Emily’s power is specifically her insanity which likewise offers her an absolute and lawless flexibility of action.
What stands out is that Faulkner draws the picture of a disrupted and compulsive individual, by setting it at a range from the reader’s instant perception.
If, in the majority of his books, Faulkner uses numerous viewpoint and the method of the streams of awareness to tell the occasions, in A Rose for Emily the protagonist is analyzed from the viewpoint of a whole community.
The perspective that the townspeople deal on Emily’s story is, however, similarly undependable. Miss Emily is described from the perspective of the community as an extremely hoity-toity individual, appreciated by everybody on account of her nobility but largely misconstrued.
The gossiping, ghostly voice of the town is left outside the facilities of your home where the female isolates herself. Her refusal to pay taxes along with all her other impulses and peculiarities are accepted by everybody without argument, simply due to the fact that she becomes part of the upper, noble social class.
When she dies nevertheless, the same neighborhood is surprised when they realize Miss Emily had actually captivated a perverse fascination throughout her remote life, and had actually slept with the dead body of her former fan, whom she had actually poisoned herself.
Thus, the battle in between the lady’s desires and the opposing forces is now obvious: she stubbornly hangs on to the memory of her father and to the body of her dead enthusiast, reluctant to relinquish her sensations for them. Emily’s fixation initially with her father’s remains and with that of the fan is at the core of a morbid marital relationship fantasy that is the theme of the story.
Therefore, Emily breaches all the fundamental concepts of her community, starting with the laws of social interraction– she separates herself and turns down all human contact- and continuing with tax evasion and even with the concealment of the corpse of her enthusiast, Homer Barron in her own room.
She is for that reason a killer or in any case an obsessive or mad individual who nonetheless manages to evade social penalty. Through her, Faulkner draws a brilliant portrait of insanity and the method which a private manages to literary live out the most psychotic fancies in the middle of a regular small-town neighborhood. By definition, insanity is characterized as a serious deviation from the accepted human behavior.
Without being freely irrational or incontrollable, Emily Grierson has a definitely compulsive mind which leads her to react versus the laws of society. Her purposeful self-incarceration in her own house and her apparent withdrawal from the regular life of the community indicate the conflict between the specific and society.
Emily revolts against social standards and chooses to reside in her morbid dream instead. She gets ready for a ceremonial marriage that she feels she can not satisfy otherwise than through death.
Her seclusion from society is also significant, as she withdraws in the security of her own fantasy and declines the assumption of a pre-established social function. The morbid gesture of violence that Emily performs is a poignant rejection of social conventions connected to gender and marriage.
However, her rejection of social presence does not point simply to the ongoing tension between uniqueness and community: Faulkner represents here the space between the individual consciousness and the collective voice.
Although the impersonal storyteller would appear to forbid mental query in the story, the voice of the neighborhood itself creates psychological tension. Regardless of her willful seclusion, Emily’s insanity can for that reason just be comprehended as a response to social restraint.
The author emphasizes the obsessions that take in Emily as part of her reaction to social pressure. While the lady lives her fascination is silence and solitude, the society enjoys all her movements keenly and with undiminished interest.
The most curious phenomenon in the text is actually her existence as an individual among the other common individuals of the neighborhood, and the way in which she handles to evade the control of society over her own life.
The community explained here by Faulkner has a gossipy and even haunting voice that hovers over the home where Emily resides in total seclusion.
As the story is distinguished the viewpoint of this inquisitive and agitated neighborhood, the reader gets a glance of the method which Emily Grierson moves silently on, from one generation to another, carefully watched by the members of her social environment.
What wonders is that, with all its regulating force, the community stops working to control Emily and her insanity: “Hence she passed from generation to generation– dear, inescapable, invulnerable, serene, and perverse” (Faulkner 1970, p. 179).
Faulkner emphasizes this reality by describing Emily’s oddly strong and pervasive influence as a conquest of the social power.
In this story, the specific appears to accomplishment over society and madness accomplishments over standard. Remarkably, the murder of the enthusiast remains in itself an anti-social act as well as a token of Emily’s obsessive nature. Nevertheless, the fact that Emily manages to leave social control to a certain extent does not make her a free person.
Her marital relationship fantasy is the token that her behavior is figured out, at least partially, by her action to social impact.