The novel, The Crucible was written in 1953 by Arthur Miller, which was based on the Salem Witch Trials existing in the late 1600s. In the play, Abigail and numerous other young women accuse innocent people of Salem for the action of witchcraft. During the trials, lots of people were unjustly persecuted; such as John Proctor.
This event in history may be connected with the Red Scare, in which individuals were pursued their questionable influences of communism in the United States.
When Miller compares the character of John Proctor to himself, the reader has the ability to relate the comparable experiences that both guys faced. The Crucible shows the struggle against corruption involving the court, which lead to the death of numerous innocent people in Salem. The Crucible creates an allegory for Arthur Miller’s battles with McCarthyism since of his similar experience associating with John Proctor’s battle versus the Salem Witch Trials, and the relation in between the actions of the court in both situations.
Arthur Miller uses numerous writing techniques in order to convey The Crucible as an allegory for his battles with McCarthyism. Miller shows how the Crucible represents an allegory for his dispute with McCarthyism by relating his experiences with the plot of the novel. Miller relates the unique to his struggles by specifying, “Must the accused admit, his honesty could just be shown by naming former confederates.” (Are You Now … 34) Miller is discussing how the court ran, in regards to pertaining to their conclusions. He is showing the resemblance in between his experience with the trials involving the Red Scare, and the trials in Salem.
The witchcraft trials were quite alike the communism suspicions in the United States, in which many individuals were incorrectly implicated for criminal offenses they had not dedicated. The court’s duty was to draw names of other individuals of the so-called “criminal activities”. Miller suggests the similarity in Judge Danforth’s declaration to McCarthyism in the quote, “Mr. Proctor. When the devil came to you did you see Rebecca Nurse in his business?” (Crucible 129) This shows how the court believed your testimony, just if you were to point out other members.
Miller utilizes the method of linking the two experiences together by integrating the approaches in which the court required to acquire valuable information. The court’s actions show how unjust they remained in coming to conclusions. Another way that Miller develops an allegory for his battles with McCarthyism in the novel is when Hale informs Abigail, “You must have no fear to tell us who they are, do you understand? We will secure you.” (Crucible 43) This strategy pressures Abigail into wrongly implicating others for acts they had actually not committed, although she is turning the blame away from herself.
Miller relates this strategy to his experience with the court in which they attempted to make him feel protected, if he would expose his understanding. This proves that the court did whatever they could to draw out information from the suspects. The novel shows to represent an allegory for Miller’s struggles with the court, and the suspicion that the jury had among the suspects. He relates the Salem Witch trials to the Red Scare by mentioning, “In both places, to keep social unity intact, the authority of leaders needed to be solidified and words of hesitation towards them restricted” (Are You Now … 32).
Arthur Miller is clarifying the truth that as the trials continued, the more rigorous and severe the court became. This frequently caused for incorrect allegations against innocent citizens. As the trials developed, the courts had the ability to develop their own conclusions originated from the procedures. Miller discusses how John Proctor rebelled against the court’s unjust actions of leaping to conclusions prior to getting adequate sensible reasoning. He declares that Proctor,” [had] end up being the most forthright voice versus the madness around him” (Why I Composed … 26).
He relates his experience with the court to the Proctor’s relation with the Witch Trials due to the fact that they both had stood their ground versus the authority. Miller continues on to state, “I picked up that I had at last discovered something of myself in it,” (Why I Composed … 26) Miller has the ability to complete his relationship with Proctor by professing how the character in the book was an inspirational figure. In general, this method of relating himself to the character of John Proctor showed to be reliable in the representation of Miller’s battle versus McCarthyism.
The Crucible constructs an allegory for Arthur Miller’s battles with McCarthyism because of his comparable experience associating with John Proctor’s fight against the Salem Witch Trials, and the relation in between the actions of the court in both scenarios. Arthur Miller is able to develop an allegory from the play to his experience with numerous methods. He relates the actions of the court to the way in which the court treated him. He then utilizes the similarity in between the role Proctor played in the play, to the role he had in his struggles throughout the Red Scare. In conclusion, Miller utilized numerous efficient tactics to produce an engaging allegory of his struggles against McCarthyism in the novel, The Crucible.