The Crucible: Lies and Deceit
Thesis Declaration:Analysis of how lies and deceit drive the plot in the Crucible.
- Introduction: Historic background in the Crucible
- What are the most significant characters turning to deceit throughout the play
- How Abigail Williams utilizes lies to reach her objectives
- Why Mary Warren turns to deceit and betrayal
- How lies affect John Proctor
- Conclusion: What impact lies and deciept of villagers had on Salem people
- Works Mentioned
Deception in Salem The Crucible is a 1953 play written by Arthur Miller, which portrays the story of the Salem Witch Trials, and the townspeople it impacted. The play is an allegory of McCarthyism, which Miller unjustifiably experienced, due to the fact that he was a playwright. The prosecutions of the Salem Witch Trials resulted in the deaths of a number of innocent townspeople. As the accused people stood trial, it was the testaments of villagers which basically determined their fate.
What are the most notable characters turning to deceit throughout the play
Whether lying to save a life, or take another person’s, dishonest villagers produced a chaos which shook Salem Town to its core. The Crucible depicts the severe habits that happen when the distinction in between truthfulness and treachery is life or death. In The Crucible the most noteworthy characters who carry out in deception are Abigail Williams, John Proctor, and Mary Warren. The Salem Witch Trials could have never ever reached such infamy, if it were not for the lies and deceit of the people of Salem.
How Abigail Williams uses lies to reach her objectives
Abigail “Abby” Williams goes to the greatest lengths to trick the townspeople of Salem, in order for her own self-centered gain. When Abby is questioned about dancing in the woods with the other women, she blames Tituba by mentioning,
She made me do it! She made Betty do it! “
Arthur Miller, 187
Abigail is willing to compromise the life of Tituba, Reverend Parris’ servant from the Barbados, in order to spare herself from penalty. While Tituba did not force any of the women to commit witchcraft, she admits to the criminal offense, as she understands Abby’s claims are held to a higher requirement than those of a slave like herself.
Why Mary Warren relies on deceit and betrayal
In an attempt to safeguard her lies, Abigail implicates Mary Warren of witchcraft by stating
… Oh, please, Mary! Don’t come down. “
Arthur Miller, 224
After Mary Warren confesses to the court that the allegations she and the rest of the ladies made were false; Abigail leads the other ladies in an attack against Mary. Abigail goes as far to accuse Mary of sending her spirit upon them, an accusation that could’ve ended Mary’s life, in order to protect her lies. Abigail Williams is greatly responsible for the convictions of innocent townspeople, and all for her own gain and defense.
In contrast to Abigail, Mary Warren is viewed as the more innocent and obedient character. As the servant of the Proctors, Mary Warren is devoted to them in the beginning. When Elizabeth Proctor is accused of being a witch, Mary agrees to testify against Abigail and the other girls in order to conserve Elizabeth, as well as be loyal to God. Nevertheless, when Abigail’s threats versus Mary end up being too extreme for her to handle, Mary blasts John Proctor by stating
You’re the Devil’s guy!
Arthur Miller, 226
As a result of Abigail and the other women teasing, Mary Warren re-joins them in their deceit in order to save herself from punishment. While Mary wanted to assist stop the incorrect allegations made by the women, their lies were far too credible by the court. Mary Warren is a quickly conquered character, who accepts trick the court in order to extra herself from penalty. John Proctor is The Crucible’s terrible hero. Although he is flawed by his previous affair with Abigail, Proctor looks for justice for Salem, and his falsely implicated better half Elizabeth at all expenses.
When Proctor grows tired of Elizabeth’s failure to trust him, he says
You forget nothin, and forgive nothin
Arthur Miller, 194
How lies affect John Proctor
While Abigail worked for the Proctors as a servant, John cheated on Elizabeth with her. In the time of the affair, Proctor lied to his partner in order to keep it a trick. When speaking to Elizabeth about whether or not to admit to witchcraft, John Proctor feels that considering that he has already been deceitful, it wouldn’t matter if he lied,
I can not install the gibbet like a saint. It is a fraud. I am not that man.
My sincerity is broke, Elizabeth; I am no excellent guy.
Arthur Miller, 187
John felt that he was not a godly male due to his affair, and informing the reality wouldn’t make him one. However, upon discovering that his confession will be nailed to the church, John chooses to secure his name and faith to God by being honest. John Proctor, when a deceiving man to his wife, fights for the reality even at the cost of his own life. Abigail Williams and Mary Warren lied to protect themselves, and founded guilty the innocent individuals of Salem. John Proctor nevertheless, battled selflessly to release his partner and sent to prison buddies.
What result lies and deciept of villagers had on Salem individuals
While Mary Warren betrayed the Proctors in order to conserve herself, that event would not have occurred if it weren’t for Abigail Williams. Abigail pays no regards to moral standards or God, but rather just acts to benefit herself at whatever expenditure she considers essential. The lies and deceit in Salem pinned next-door neighbor versus neighbor, and required the unjustified death of many.
Miller, Arthur. The Crucible. 1953.
The Language of Literature: American Literature. Applebee, Arthur N., et al. Evanston: McDougall Littell, 2002. 164-240.