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Things Fall Apart Critical Analysis


Things Break Down Vital Analysis

Great Literature is beyond its immediate context Chinua Achebe’s 1958 unique, Things Break down clearly develops the declaration ‘Good literature is beyond its instant context’ to be germane and real. The novels awful protagonist, Okonkwo embodies a character well beyond an African context. His personality can be paralleled to those of crucial Shakespearean characters in the Western literary canon and hence has universal importance. Achebe’s expert usage of narrative functions such as the concerns of masculinity and power, characterisation, themes and symbolic and idiomatic language, assists in creating textual integrity.

These qualities provide universal appeal as the text can be valued from post-colonial and gender point of views which explore the humanity. Achebe’s Things Fall Apart, examines the exploitation of a traditional African culture through the development of colonial forces. Achebe illustrates the Igbo heritage through the spiritual ideas and values which are carefully linked with its nature and faith. Through Achebe’s characterisation of Okonkwo, as a person who fights with his personal identity in the face of fantastic change, to illustrate the idea of masculinity.

This adds to our understanding of the fundamental flaws that emerge in humanity. The simile, “his credibility had grown like a bushfire in the harmattan” captures the social admiration for Okonkwo therefore reinforcing the tribal worths of strength and nerve. Subsequently, Okonkwo represents the patriarchal worths of masculinity, illuminating his inflexible will and underlying “worry of failure”. His position in society is shown in ancestral ideas where “Okonkwo ruled his household with a heavy hand. Okonkwo’s masculinity becomes too frustrating and results in a savage whipping of his third other half during peace week, thus compromising Okonkwo’s stability. Through Okonkwo’s fatal flaw, arrogance, Achebe informs us on the requirement for balance and shows the element of human nature which can be plainly seen in Shakespearean and Aristotelian literature thus offering universal interest. Okonkwo’s pursuit of power originates from his worry of losing control, strengthening the universal principle of an awful hero. The concepts of fate and destiny highlight the significance of values related to natural order which can not be influenced by humanity.

The metonym of the python that is associated with Okonkwo’s go back to the village symbolises the changing context in addition to foreshadowing the discontinuity of the Native values of the Igbo society. Okonkwo’s desire to develop a credibility as well as to acquire power and control validates a warring psyche as an outcome of longing to stay a terrific man of his instant society. The human mental struggles in concerns to power and will have been transferred from a classical Aristotelian context to an African culture and will continue to affect altering contexts due to the universality of the human psyche.

The damaging results of manifest destiny are established through a post-colonial perspective which allows an insight into Achebe’s depiction of the flaws of the disparate contexts. Mr Brown, the very first spiritual missionary presents British impact to the Umuofian society. The prospect of assimilation between the 2 cultures was promising when Mr Brown who “happened appreciated by the clan” was rewarded with a “carved elephant tusk” nevertheless when he is gotten rid of by disease the new missionary Mr Smith abhored the belief of combination.

Textual integrity has actually been developed through the contrasting culture and worth systems. Tim Robbins, teacher of modern studies at Kings College states that the line, “the clan can no longer believe like one” suggests that it is Western ideologies that have lessened the Igbo culture. Furthermore, Robbins argues that Okonkwo’s supreme downfall was not straight caused by the European colonists however by overpowering internal flaws. This concept of the internal battle is echoed throughout many Western literature canons where the tragic lead character comes undone at the end due to their own internal flaw.

Achebe provides a compelling insight into the Igbo culture which continues to remain appropriate and influence contexts beyond its own age due to the universal struggles associated with the human mind; in this case Okonkwo and his journey to remove external disturbances. Achebe investigates the flaws of both African and Western society through these point of views. Achebe’s Things Fall Apart will remain timeless throughout altering due to the universal concepts of the human mind it explores.

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