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Things Fall Apart Culture Research Paper


Maduena 1 Thomas Maduena Mrs. Aisola English 4 December 16, 2012 Unconventional Culture of the Ibo People in Nigeria The Ibo people, traditionally referred to as Igbo, are one of the biggest and most considerable ethnic groups of Southern Nigeria (Igboland). Their culture and customs are so diverse because their group is fragmented into subgroups.

Chinua Achebe describes the difficult and cultural ways of the Ibo individuals in his novel Things Break down.

Their customs can be compared but, nevertheless they have kept their traditions remained the same throughout their history. Origin; Ibo individuals originated in the Kingdom of Nri. “Nri Kingdom in the Awka location is the cradle of Igbo civilization and culture” (destee. com) It is likewise among the most earliest Nigerian kingdoms. Although Nri people were a various group, they affected the traditional Igbo individuals with their custom-mades and practices. “There is a little bit of Nri in all of us … Igbo is Nri and Nri is Igbo … you are Nri and Nri is you …” (destee. om) The orgin of the Igbo individuals can be argued about, however no doubt the stemmed from the Nri People. Conventional Society; Although some ill-informed individuals would just see that the Ibo individuals are extremely primitive and barbaric, they had their own type of government, leadership, and economy. “The fundamental system of Igbo life was the village group … family head” (qub. air conditioner. uk) The “household head” or contemporary colloquial, the male of your house, would be the older male, In many cases the father. He settled all issues within and outside his family, and was the one to Maduena 2 speak with greater members of the clan or in the town. Social status is based upon wealth, regardless of occupation. The Igbo distinguish between obgenye or mbi (the poor), dinkpa (the reasonably flourishing), and nnukwu madu or ogaranya (the abundant).” (everyculture. com) Titles were a significant role in every Nigerian people whether it be the Ibos, Yorubas, or Hausas. A title gave respect and honor to their household. “Okonkwo was popular throughout the 9 towns … fame rested on solid personal achievements.” (Things Fall Apart P. 1, Chinua Achebe) His title was earned throughout his life and solely on himself, which provided him a god track record and being respected. There was a hierarchy of ascending titles that were to be taken in order, accompanied by a rising scale of payments.” (qub. air conditioning. uk) Titles were not easy to come by and had an extensive process. Routines were obtained and having a title gave the individual a sense of success. Their villages are extremely based on one another. Any interference with their village would be taken up to the leader of the clan and if required brought up to the senior citizens. Decisions would affect their entire village or town and need to be completely checked with. Oracles played an essential function for Ibo towns due to the fact that of their consistency of being trustworthy.

In “Things Break Down” the Oracle was a crucial character in their decisions made. “And there were undoubtedly celebrations when the Oracle had actually forbidden Umuofia to wage a war. If the clan had actually disobeyed the Oracle they would surely have actually been beaten.” (Things Break Down P. 11, Chinua Achebe) The Umuofia individuals are so superstitious that they will not make any significant decisions without very first seeking advice from the gods through the Oracle. Their idea is that just the Gods can validate when the time to war is right. Government; The Igbo leaders of the village and the common individuals all collaborate to form a democracy.

They all participate to make their towns such a working Maduena 3 community. “Possibly it was the small scale of their political institutions that made Igbo Land such a good example of what a democracy need to be. Some of the first European visitors to this region were struck by the degree to which democracy was truly practiced.” (qub. air conditioner. uk) Igbo individuals are not the barbarians individuals think about them to be. They simply have an unconventional way of having a steady society. Family and Marital relationship; Families would reside in the village group, but all residing in separate sections.

Males and elders would get the outmost regard. The earliest male was generally the leader of the substance and there were many different groups because compound. The rule of seniority was usually the placement where the individual would be in their status. Marriage was ideal for every single woman especially. “When a young boy betroths a lady, the matter does not end there. The families of the contracting celebrations will start a series of examinations about the character, house training, lineage, health, clan relationship They needed a male to attend to them and their future kids. (kwenu. com) Marital relationship was not as easy as it is modern days. Marital relationship needs completely planning to get the best for their child, presumably their daughter. Polygamy was common and looked upon. If they were a successful male, they had as much other halves as they could wed. Male would have numerous spouses and numerous kids. Partners were ranked according to the order in which they married the typical husband. Seniority was also important in kids. The very first male and female kids of the domestic group were more vital than the next children to be born.

First-born children were given particular and accountable positions in their family. Rite of Passage; Kid are normally the ones to have considerable occasions take place to them. Circumcision is common in present day around the world. Ibo individuals too think in this. “The distinction is they also circumcise women. The rite of Circumcision, where a kid Maduena 4 is started into his culture, takes place on the eighth day after birth, when she or he is circumcised.” (kenwu. com) Another rite in Igbo culture would be Iru-mgbede (fattening of a girl before marital relationship).

Igbo people thought that if the mother were physically healthy, the kid would be born healthy and able to survive. Igba Mgba (fumbling) was how one became a warrior or popular throughout the neighborhood. This was the method Okonkwo first started to develop his track record as a fine knowledgeable warrior. “As a young man of eighteen he had brought honor to his town by tossing Amalizine the Feline.” (Things Break Down P. 3 Chinua Achebe) Amalizine the Cat was an amazing wrestler whose back would never touch the ground, Okonkwo defeated him and with that gained his honor and regard. Every male wished to be appreciated.

Culture and beliefs; Spirits, gods and the unidentified were not something to be hindered and the Igbo people considerably feared the supernatural.” The darkness held a vague terror for these individuals … kids were warned not to whistle at night for fear of evil spirits.” (Things Break Down P. 9 Chinua Achebe) Night was deeply feared. Animals were thought to end up being more vicious at night. Moonlight nevertheless would bring harmony. People would go out for walks and children would be playing. A lot of marital relationships and celebrations would be held in the evening leading on to the night. One of the biggest events was the Banquet of New Yam.

Most West African countries commemorate this. The Feast of New Yam represented completion of a harvest and the start of the next work cycle. “… To honor the earth goddess and the ancestral spirits of the clan. New yams could not be consumed up until some head initially been provided to these powers.” (Things Break Down P. 32 Chinua Achebe) They highly believed in sacrifice and giving the their greater beings. Although beating their partners and kids is looked upon as strength to keep things in order, lots of Maduena 5 African people including the Igbo culture practiced the Week of Peace.

Any disrespect towards traditions was handled the senior citizens of the seniors of the people. No work or violence need to occur during to week of peace in order to pray for his/her future crop to grow. “Okonkwo broke the peace, and was punished …” (Things Break Down P. 25 Chinua Achebe) His punishment was to sacrifice a female goat, a hen, a length of cloth, and one hundred cowries in order to avoid harvest turning out bad. Respect to their culture is necessary for everybody in the tribe. Modern Igbo culture; Today, there are as many churches as well as mosques and standard faith worship centers in Enugu State.

The state is predominantly made up of Christians, however also had numerous catholic and protestant churches in Enugu State. Much of the Igbo’s customs are still commemorated, however things like abusing your kids and other half is not kept. Monogamous relationships are far more typical and they commemorate holidays due to the fact that they are converted into Christians.” Among the most crucial events in Igboland is Christmas and it signifies home return in the town … Igbo families consider their one and only genuine home their home in the village. It is the 2 weeks around Christmas which bring families back together to the town. (igboguide. org) Modern Ibo individuals are more focused in unity within their family and their villages. Unlike in Things Fall Apart, masculinity is not a significant quality, peace and love has actually replaced it. Although the Ibo culture and faith has actually altered, the hard and rigidness is something they will always have. Ibo individuals are really spiritual, as shown in Things Fall Apart. Ibo people in nature show respect, if regard is shown towards them. Their customs have changed, but that will never change who they are at heart. Maduena 6 Figure 1 http://www. globalsecurity. rg/military/world/ nigeria/maps. htm Figure 2 http://amaigboyouth. wordpress. com/maps/ Maduena 7 Work Mentioned Achebe, Chinua. Things Break Down. London: William Heinemann Limited, part of Reed Consumer Books, 1959. Print. Advameg Inc. “Countries and Their Cultures.” Economy. n. d. Web. 12 Dec. 2012. the Cradle of Igbo Civilization.”Black Individuals Meet. n. d., 11 Jan. 2011. Web. 12 Dec. 012.. Froiland, Andrew. “African Tribes– Ibo– Igbo Culture.” African People– Ibo– Igbo Culture. Minnesota State University Mankato, n. d. Web. 13 Dec. 2012. <. Onyemaechi, Uzoma, and Ann Arboy. "Igbo Culture and Socializing." Igbo Culture. University of Michigan, n. d. Web. 11 Dec. 2012. <

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