Things Fall Apart Essay
Different Spheres of Genders Chinua Achebe’s “Things Break down” checks out clashing gender roles. The females stay at home cooking and cleansing, just to be sold as bride-to-bes to their hubbies and bear kids. Males are active and aggressive, combating wars and offering economically for the family. They have the power to physically beat their better halves if they’re acting unsatisfactorily. In the book, the old Ibo saying “Mom is Supreme” is portrayed when Okonkwo gets exiled to his motherland.
This proverb reveals that no matter what happens between a child and their daddy, the kid can constantly go to one’s mom. This holds the truth that moms are the loving caretakers of the children in Ibo culture. The gender stereotypes divide the males and women in the society, creating separate spheres. Provided the mom is supreme saying, it is paradoxical that the Okonkwo society harshly oppresses its females. “Mom is Supreme” is the concept that one can constantly go to their mother where they are safe from their problems.
When Okonkwo was banished, he went to Mabanta, his Motherland, and was accepted with open arms by Uchendu, his uncle. This point was exhibited when Uchendu explains why mom is supreme, “A guy comes from his fatherland when things are great and life is sweet. However when there is sadness and bitterness he discovers haven in his motherland” (134 ). The mom is there to safeguard the kid unconditionally versus the father. Mother is supreme due to the fact that she is the protector, the adult the kid can constantly depend on. When Okonkwo gets exiled from his fatherland, Mbanta, his motherland, welcomed and cared for him.
Likewise “Mother is Supreme is revealed when after Okonkwo told Nwoye that Ikemefuna was leaving, “Later, Nwoye went to his mother’s hut and informed her that Ikemefuna was going house. She right away dropped her pestle with which she was grinding pepper, folded her arms throughout her breast and sighed, “Poor kid.” (58 ). When Nwoye got the news, he ran away to his mother’s hut to be comforted. The Mother Supreme proverb stands in plain contrast to the way females are dealt with in the Ibo society. Both men and women work together in the Ibo culture cultivating fruit and vegetables and participating in the government.
In the growing season the females weed and plant other fruit and vegetables while the males farm yams. “As the rains ended up being much heavier the ladies planted maize, melons and beans in between the yam mounds” (33 ). The ladies still help with planting but in a smaller sized method than the males. “Yam meant manliness, and he who might feed his household on yams from one harvest to another was a very terrific guy indeed” (33 ). Here, the men are cultivating the yams but not just were yams a crucial staple in their diet plan, a male success depended upon the variety of yams he might produce.
Also both genders played a role in the federal government. Chielo, the priestess, was the suggestions giver of the town and the other primary leaders of the community were males. “The 9 towns of Umuofia had outgrown the 9 sons of the first father of the clan” (89 ). This respected group is made up of nine male leaders, called the egwugwu. Different than regular women in the Ibo society, Chielo is a powerful authority, representing the feared Oracle. In both these instances, females and males are put into different spheres, however both are critical in supporting their neighborhood.
Although the guys play a big function in providing for the household, they control the household with force. The men provide for the household by planting and harvesting the yams. They easily discipline their better halves without option as shown in the texts, “when she returned he beat her extremely greatly” (29 ). Okonkwo beat his partners into submission and in their society it goes unpunished. Even when they don’t do something incorrect, “As a matter of truth the tree was quite alive. Okonkwo’s 2nd spouse had actually merely cut a couple of leaves off it … Okonkwo, being hot-tempered took out his anger on Ewifiki after believing that she destroyed the tree. He does not even appreciate her sufficient to participate in a debate with her to listen to her side of the story. He just smacks her “without further argument”. These examples show Okonkwo’s supremacy over his better halves, ruling his house with a heavy hand. If they slip up, he takes his anger out on them and make sure they remember not to do it the next time. “He shivered with the desire to dominate and subdue. It was like the desire for females” (42 ).
In this passage, it depicts that Okonkwo just values women as something to “conquer” or “suppress”, not as equates to. On the other hand, ladies in the Ibo society are anticipated to send to their hubbies. They are lower in society, in submission to whomever they are married. “… Agbala was not just another name for a ladies, it might likewise mean a guy who had taken no title” (13 ). This exemplifies that it is an insult for a male to be called Agbala, another name for a woman. Throughout the bride rate, the bride-to-bes are considered mere pieces of residential or commercial property, not as human beings. “Her suitor and his loved ones surveyed her young body with xpert eyes as if to ensure themselves that she was stunning and ripe” (71) They are looking at “the quickly to be bride” with unbiased eyes, remembering the clothes she is using and her figure. They identify the price by her beauty and once that is chosen, her spouse now rules her. This point is likewise revealed at the town hearing between Odukwe and Uzowulu. “The law of the clan is that you should return her bride price” (91 ). They are contesting the woman as though they would fight over cash. The Ibo females are also not always welcome are communal ceremonies and are thought of as outsiders. It was clear from the way the crowd stood or sat that the event was for men” (87 ). The ladies are plainly portrayed as being inferior to men. Chinua Achebe’s book depicts the different spheres of genders in a culture like Okonkwo’s. Each plays a particular part in the community that was altered when the whites came to colonize. The arguable point of “Mom is Supreme” is overruled with the severe treatment of women. While they are offered some opportunities, like contributing to the federal government and planting, the men clearly manage them. They reside in different spheres and each have the stereotypes of their gender to up-hold.