To Kill a Mockingbird Discrimination Essay
Discrimination today is often done by accident and is frequently unnoticed; done without knowing the possible effects that can occur. Whether it be an easy remark on the soccer field such as “stop playing like a lady”, which seems to be an insult towards ladies, or utilizing? gay? as an insult, discrimination & & prejudice can often be subconscious and unnoticed. To Eliminate A Mockingbird by Harper Lee, set in the 1930? s during the depression age intends to challenge the notion of discrimination in general, whether it be based upon race, class or gender.
Through the use of different literary techniques, such as symbolism, foreshadowing and characterisation, Lee represents her viewpoint of discrimination throughout the book. Racial discrimination is easily the most popular kind of discrimination within the book. The reader mainly sees this through the character of Tom Robinson, who is mistakenly implicated on charges of rape and attack. Through the use of this character, in mix with different literary strategies, Harper Lee holds up a mirror and makes us examine our own beliefs of discrimination and bias.
Techniques such as meaning are utilized by Lee to portray the possible threats of discrimination and bias. Meaning within the book is mainly utilized to represent Tom? s innocence. The primary example of significance is the mockingbird. Mockingbirds initially appear in the novel when Jem and Scout are finding out to utilize their brand-new air rifles, where Atticus provides one guideline to follow– “Shoot all the bluejays you want, if you can hit ’em, however remember it’s a sin to eliminate a mockingbird.” Miss Maudie also kept in mind “Mockingbirds do not do one thing but make music for us to take pleasure in.
They do not consume people’s gardens, do not nest in corncribs, they do not do something however sing their hearts out for us. That’s why it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird.” From this, we can collect that mockingbirds are safe, innocent animals, and killing them is wrong as they put on? t hurt anyone. This is symbolic of Tom Robinson. He is tough- working, truthful, decent and he helped Mayella to do her chores out of the goodness and pureness of his heart, which people like the Ewells make use of and resulted in his death.
This usage of importance is important, as connecting Tom Robinson to the mockingbird suggests that even animals deserve the sympathy and respect, let alone humans. By making killing mockingbirds look like a case of meaningless destruction, we can see the contrasting views, as a lot of these? mockingbird enthusiasts? have big amounts of racial prejudice and discrimination. It makes the reader question their own views, to make them think whether they are being hypocritical in regards to their beliefs and prejudices.
This links back to the main point, as this shows Lee? s own personal viewpoint on the matter is being represented through this use of meaning. It shows us that Lee is attempting to make the reader question their own views and that we ourselves may unconsciously be maltreating those based on our own prejudices. Social discrimination is likewise represented greatly in To Kill A Mockingbird. Members of Maycomb categorise groups of people or households based upon their occupation, social status, ethnic culture or religion. In Maycomb, there are really distinguished social classes.
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The Finch family is regarded as the highest social class, as they are white and Atticus is an attorney, while the Ewell? s are considered as the lowest social class, typically referred to as? white garbage?. The Radley family nevertheless, are not discriminated based on their race, profession or ethnic background, but rather based upon rumours distributing based upon the occasions which happen in the house. Lee utilizes methods such a foreshadowing in order to build up the tension and to reveal there is more than one side to people.
Lee tries to foreshadow Boo Radley in such a method that helps the reader understand his sudden heroism near completion of the novel. The foreshadowing assists develop the tension instead of making his heroism at the end appear unanticipated. An act of foreshadowing is the presents Boo left in the tree, which reveal his generosity, playfulness and kindness. Boo likewise finishes Jem? s pants after Jem leaves from Nathan Radley, which shows his caring mindset. However, the most pivotal moment of foreshadowing is the point where Boo puts a blanket around Scout during the fire, which Scout was disgusted by.
This shows her prejudice towards the Radley family, even though he is doing things out of his generosity, without anticipating anything in return. This all leads up to the minute where Boo saved Jem? s life without hesitation, putting his own at threat. This is the moment where the Finch? s bias versus the Radley? s stop, and they begin to consider their rash way and unjustified preconceptions. The abrupt heroism by Boo is critical in showing how Lee planned to demonstrate how social discrimination is unjustified and often just plain incorrect. The contrast of Boo? character from the rumours to the reality shows that we can? t judge individuals based upon rumours; we need to experience it from their point of view. This links back to Lee? s challenge on discrimination, as abrupt contrast of character from Boo Radley shows us that we should not evaluate people based on insignificant things such as rumours and/or social status. Typically shadowed by the bottom lines of the unique, gender discrimination is less apparent than both racial and social discrimination in the text. Nevertheless, although it is watched by racial and social discrimination, gender discrimination still plays a crucial part in the book.
Gender discrimination is subtly spread out throughout the whole unique, however the one occasion which worries it the most is the interaction between Scout and Auntie Alexandra, where Scout declines to be womanly. Lee uses characterisation in order to rebut the expectations of ladies, and the characterisation of particular characters shows she is resisting to position conventional stereotypes on females. We see the expectations of women throughout the novel, generally through the character Scout. There are many tips of gender discrimination throughout the book.
For example, females were not enabled on the juries. ‘… Miss Maudie can’t serve on a jury because she’s a female.’ The interaction between Scout and Auntie Alexandra show the common gender expectations in the last century. Aunt Alexandra could be thought about the normal? woman? who strives in taking care of their appearance and womanhood. Scout, on the other hand, attempts to prevent all notions of womanhood. She does the same activities as Dill and Jem, is outgoing and isn? t afraid to get dirty. “Auntie Alexandra was fanatical on the subject of my clothes.
I could not perhaps hope to be a lady if I wore breeches; when I stated I couldn’t do nothing in a dress.” This quote demonstrates how Auntie Alexandra was fanatical about trying to make Scout womanly. Mrs Dubose specifies that Scout is going to “mess up the household name” if she doesn? t become more feminine. This resistance of femininity by Scout is important, as it reveals Lee? s intention of breaking common gender functions. It tells the reader to take stride in individualism, to take pride in being yourself and to neglect petty and unimportant social expectations. This links back to the point of Lee trying to break gender expectations.
Through the contrast of Scout (unfeminine) to Auntie Alexandra (womanly), the reader can see how petty some of these gender expectations can be, and presses the reader to take pride in their individualism. In conclusion, it is really evident that throughout the novel Harper Lee intends to counter and challenge the idea of discrimination. Through making use of characters such as Tom Robinson, Boo Radley and Scout, the reader can see how Lee intends to challenge racial discrimination, social discrimination and gender discrimination respectively. Lee attempts to question our own views and prejudices, making us think “Am I truly being reasonable? “