Women and Power in Oedipus Rex
Ladies represent knowledge, wisdom and temptations. They also have the power to produce, destroy and ruin. There are a lot of goddesses and ladies in these stories, Gilgamesh, The Iliad, and the Oedipus Rex. These ladies impact the lives of these males positively and adversely. The arguments that happen in these stories by the ladies are initiated by their power, personal behaviors, and emotions that affect the occasions and scenarios that happen in the stories. In Gilgamesh, there are two females who portray knowledge, and learning. One is Shamhat; she is a temple prostitute.
Shamhat was sent out to mellow the wild-man Enkidu who the Sumerian gods produced to confront Gilgamesh of his bad habits. “Uruk grumble to the Sumerian gods about Gilgamesh self-important habits, therefore the gods create the wild man Enkidu to face Gilgamesh” (1. 34). Shamhat drew Enkidu closer to her, “Six days, 7 nights was Enkidu excited, streaming into Shamhat” (1. 42. 186). Enkidu and Shamhat made love, this sexual intercourse turned Enkidu into a civilized human and good-looking boy. “You are handsome, Enkidu you are ended up being like a god, why roam the steppe with wild beasts?
Come, let me lead you to raptured Uruk” (1 42. 200-203). Shamhat persuaded Enkidu that he do not come from the forest he comes from a location where civilized men lives, Enkidu accepts the offer to go to Uruk. After all what Shamhat had done for Enkidu changing him into a genuine guy, he was not appreciative. He turned around and curses her “Might your purple finery be expropriated, might filthy underclothing be what you are given, because you lessened me, an innocent, Yes me, an innocent, you mistreated me in my steppe” (VII-68. 82-85).
Enkidu did not understand that Shamhat was preparing him for his trials ahead, Shamash hears Enkidu curse Shamhat the harlot and made him recognize that all she did was to prepare him for the future, and turned him into a great hero “O Enkidu, why curse Shamhat the harlot, who feed you bread, suitable for a god, who poured you beer, fit for a king, who dressed you in a noble garment, and provided you good-looking Gilgamesh for a pal” (VII- 68. 90-94) Enkidu ended up being convinced that Shamhat implied him no damage so he took back his curses over her and offered her words of blessings. The 2nd lady who had a major role in Gilgamesh is Shiduri.
Shiduri is a female tavern keeper who lives at the end of the earth. Gilgamesh fulfills Shiduri while he was wandering around after Enkidu’s death looking for immortality. She attempts to encourage him to put away his grief away and deal with the much better things coming ahead of him in the future. Gilgamesh refuse to listen to her suggestions and he winds up suffering for it and stops working on getting his immortality. “Now then, tavern keeper, what is the way to Utnapishtim? What are its signs? Give them to me. Offer, oh offer me its signs” (IX-76. 90-92). There is one of the goddesses who is a destroyer. She remained in the story to lure the hero, the like of Goddess Ishtar.
When she sees Gilgamesh return triumphant over Humbaba, she comes down to Uruk and addresses the king. Ishtar provides to make Gilgamesh rich, his kingdom fertile, and respected by all individuals on the planet. All he will need to do is accept be Ishtar’s other half. However, Gilgamesh does not fall into her snare. This showed to Gilgamesh that he can not damaged by Ishtar and be blind-folded with the goodies of life she attempted to use him. “Come, Gilgamesh, you shall be my bridegroom! Provide, oh give me of your lusciousness! You will be my spouse and I shall be your other half. I will ready for you a chariot of lapis and gold” (VI-62. -8).
In The Iliad, females are considered to be inferior to the men. Male were oppressing them, they were treated like piece of garbage, and they were simply meant as a kind of furniture used as decoration in the household. The ladies discovered this truly unfair. Thetis, the mom of Achilles, was her son’s assistance and protector. She was always making an emotional, rather than logical interest Zeus to help her demigod offspring versus the Trojans. “I’ll go to snow-bound Olympus and tell all this to the Lord of Whitening. I hope he listens. You remain here, though besides your ships and let the Greeks feel” (1. 140. 440-443).
Her strong maternal impulses serve to humanize her, but unfortunately her need to rely on Zeus’ favor rather than her own actions makes her seem more a beggar than a goddess. Andromache, the other half of Hector, pleading with her hubby to have pity on the child he will make fatherless and the spouse he will make a widow if he continues in battle Hera and Athena, among the immortals, are certainly forces to be reckoned with. “I came to see if I might check this temper of yours, sent from paradise by the white– armed goddesses” (1. 134. 215-216).
Hera, the other half of Zeus and queen of the Olympians, handles to trick her hubby (the king of gods and men! so that she is able to meddle the affairs of the Trojan War. “You are going to require me into dispute with Hera. I can simply hear her now, cursing me and bawling me out. As it is, she already accuses me of favoring the Trojans” (1. 142. 550-5530) Athena, the goddess of wisdom and war, assaulted Ares (the god of war) on two different events and handled to have him leaving back to Mount Olympus in defeat on among these occasions. In the Oedipus Rex, Jocasta is the Queen of Thebes. Her first marriage with King Laius was a happy one. That is, till he got the prediction that he was destined to be murdered by his own boy.
As queen of Thebes, she had little power over the judgments of the kingdom. Moreover, when news of her hubby’s death happened, she was required to accept marital relationship with the next male who concerned rule Thebes, which was her own son Oedipus. She could neither pick who her future husband would be nor select not to wed. She was seen as residential or commercial property in the eyes of society and might therefore be presented to the next ruler as a gift. “Who has any sure understanding of the future? It’s finest to take life as it comes. These marriages with your mother do not fear it. In their very dreams, too, numerous men have slept with their moms” (510. 120-1124).
In the history of Greeks, females where constantly rejected their rights, their advantage to liberty to do whatsoever they want to do. They were being compared to just normal objects and figures. In Gilgamesh, these ladies and goddesses had powers and where in control often. While in the Iliad, the females were being acknowledged as sexual items that can be used at any time; it opts for the Oedipus Rex where women were being signified as challenge guys. All these ladies had something in common which was at completion of the day; they still got their power and fought for their rights as females and goddesses.